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2010年11月湖南成人教育學位英語真題和答案詳解
發布時間:2016年05月13日 來源:湖南大學自考辦

201011月湖南成人高等教育統一考試
學士學位英語真題

Part I Dialogue Completion (15 points)
Directions: There are 15 short incomplete dialogues in this part, each followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D .Choose the best one to complete the dialogue and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
1. Speaker A: That was a great dinner. You must have spent all day cooking.
Speaker B:         .
A. Yes, it was really very tiring.
B. No, it’s really nothing.
C. No, it’s only a casual meal.
D. Thanks. But it only took two hours.
2. Speaker A: I tried to buy you those towels you wanted on sale, but they only had these really ugly ones left. Sorry.
Speaker B:         . They are not bad.
3. Speaker A: What’s your favorite food?
  Speaker B: Pizza.
  Speaker A:          . I prefer chocolate ice cream.
  A. Not me.                                    B. So do I.
  C. Same here.                                  D. You got it.
4. Speaker A: This computer keeps giving me trouble.
  Speaker B: Try restarting it.        .
  A. See if that helps.                             B. I can do nothing about it.
  C. Who knows?                                D. What else?
5. Speaker A: Susan, I can’t get my old job jacket. It’s a lost cause.
  Speaker B:         .
  A. Can’t you? It serves you right.
  B. I understand. You’ll find something else.
  C. Yes, I know it’s not a good cause.
  D. Lost?Maybe I can help you find it.
6. Speaker A: I had no idea the movie would end like that.
  Speaker B:       . I was really surprised.
  A. Me either.                                 B. Me alike.
  C. I think so.                                 D. Not that I know.
7. Speaker A: I’m a little scared about the operation.
  Speaker B:        , honey. The doctors will be there every step of the way.
  A.You know what.                            B. That’s good.
  C. Don’t worry.                               D. That’s it.
8. Speaker A: Who left the refrigerator door open?
  Speaker B:         . I haven’t been in the kitchen all day.
  A. Don’t look at me.                          B. You ask for it.
  C. You bet.                                  D. Don’t be silly.
9. Speaker A: Could you get me Extension 1058, please?
  Speaker B:          .
  A. Yes. This is operator speaking.
  B. OK. Here you are.
  C. No. I’m busy now.
  D. Sorry. The line is busy.
10. Speaker A: You’ve been the first place winner in this writing contest. Congratulations!
    Speaker B:          .
A. Yes. It’s quite easy for me.                 
B. It’s very kind of you to say so.
C. Thank you for the good news.
D. Not at all. It’s nothing.
11. Tourist: Excuse me; I’d like to go to the British Museum.        
   Police: No, not really. It’s about a ten-minute walk.
A. Can I walk there?
B. Where is it?
C. Is it far from here?
D. Could you show me the way?
12. Speaker A: Hi, Linda. The train leaves at 10 pm and I could pick you up at 9.
   Speaker B:        .
A. I think so.                            B. I can’t wait.
C. Good for you.                         D. That’s fine with me.
13. Speaker A: Sorry, I didn’t catch the last train.
   Speaker B:         .
A. Don’t be sorry.                         B. Do you want me to repeat it?
C. What else, please?                      D. I’m afraid that’s it.
14. Speaker A: You must be Teddy. Thanks for coming.
   Speaker B: Yes,          
A. I’m fine. Thank you.                   
B. I am. And you are…?
C. Here I am.
D. Who’s speaking please?
15. Speaker A: I wonder if you could tell me where to get map?
   Speaker B:          .
A. I don’t know where you want to go.
B. I have never heard about it.
C. Sure, but I really have no idea.
D. Well, maybe in the post office or bookstore.
PART II Reading Comprehension (40 points )
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each of the passages is followed by 5 questions or
unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
Passage one
Just as Mrs. Waldman hands out the spelling test, you see Jeff pull out a small piece of paper with a lot of words on it. Jeff hides the note into his closed fist but soon takes it out again. While he’s taking the test, you see him looking back and forth between the teacher and his paper. There’s no mistaking it---he’s cheating.
Cheating is when a person misleads, deceives, or acts dishonestly on purpose. For kids, cheating may happen at school, at home, or while playing a sport. If a baseball team is for kids who are 8 or younger, it’s cheating for a 9-year-old to play on the team.
At school, in addition to cheating on a test, a kid might cheat by stealing someone else’s idea for a science project or by copying a book report off the internet and turning it in as if it’s his or her original work.
One is inclined to cheat because it makes difficult things seem easy, like getting all the right answers on the test. But it doesn’t solve the problem of not knowing the material and it won’t help on the next test---unless the person cheats again.
Sometimes it may seem like cheaters have it all figured out. They can watch TV instead of studying for the spelling test. But other people lose respect for cheaters and think less of them. The cheaters themselves may feel bad because they know they are not really earning that good grade. And, if they get caught cheating, they will be in trouble at school, and maybe at home, too.
Some kids cheat because they’re busy or lazy and they want to get good grades without spending the time studying. Other kids might feel like they can’t pass the test without cheating. Even when there seems to be a “good reason” for cheating, cheating isn’t a good idea.
16. Why did Jeff look at the teacher from time to time while taking the test?
   A. He was afraid that the teacher might find out what he was doing.
   B. He had a question for the teacher but was afraid to ask.
   C. He wanted to get the teacher’s attention.
   D. He wanted to hand in his paper as he was done with it.
17. According to the author, cheating       .
   A. occurs mainly in test-related settings
   B. can take on various forms and happen anywhere
   C. usually happens when one is doing a science project
   D. happens when we don’t know the answer to a question
18. What can’t cheating help to do?
   A. To pass examinations.
   B. To get a satisfactory score.
   C. To make difficult things easy.
   D. To really get the knowledge.
19. Which of the following statements is closest in meaning to “cheaters have it all figured out” (Para.5)?
   A. Cheaters know they won’t be caught.
   B. Cheaters make a plan in advance.
   C. Cheaters can reach a balance between work and play.
   D. Cheaters clearly know the consequences of cheating.
20. The main purpose of the passage is to          .
   A. inform readers why people cheat
   B. predict possible consequences of cheating
   C. persuade students to quit cheating
   D. discuss different occasions when people cheat
Passage Two
Experts say over half of the world’s seven thousand languages are in danger of disappearing. Every two weeks one language disappears.
Sometimes a language disappears immediately when the last person speaking it dies. Or, a local language might disappear more slowly. This happens when an official language is used more often and children stop learning the local language of their parents. Official languages often represent a form of control over a group of people.
Throughout history, the language spoken by a powerful group spreads across a civilization. The more powerful culture rarely respects the language and culture of smaller groups. Smaller cultures lose their local language as the language of the culture in power has a stronger influence.
Experts say protecting languages is very important for many reasons. Languages contain the histories, ideas and knowledge of a culture. Languages also contain valuable information about local medicines, plants and animals.
Many endangered languages are spoken by native cultures in close contact with the natural world. Their ancient languages contain a great deal of information about environmental systems and species of plants and animals that are unknown to scientists. As the last speakers of a language die off, the valuable information carried within a language also disappears. Language is, in many ways, a window to the mind and the world.
Any hope for protecting languages can be found in children and their willingness to learn. It is these young people who can keep this form of culture alive for future generations.
21. Which of the following is true?
   A. No one can prevent languages from disappearing.
   B. There will not be any local languages left some day.
   C. There have existed 7,000 languages in history.
   D. Half of the world’s languages will possibly disappear.
22. An official language is a language that       .
   A. is highly advanced                       B. has a stronger influence
   C. competes with a local language             D. has a longer history
23. Language is a window to the mind and the world because        .
   A. it contains information about both culture and nature.
   B. it represents the working of the human minds
   C. local languages are more closely related to culture
   D. ancient languages can reveal ancient people’s thoughts
24. According to the passage, a language will be better protected when        .
   A. it is linked to a powerful culture
   B. people are forced to speak it
   C. it keeps pace with the times
   D. children are interested in learning it
25. The passage mainly discusses         .
   A. language and culture                      B. the power of language
   C. language protection                       D. local languages
Passage Three
There’s a professor at the University of Toronto in Canada who has come up with a term to describe the way a lot of us North Americans interact these years. And now a big research study confirms it.
Barry Wellman’s term is “networked individualism.” It’s not the easiest concept to grasp. In fact, the words seem to contradict each other. How can we be individualistic and networked at the same time? You need other people for networks.
Here’s what he means. Until the Internet and e-mail came along, our social networks involved flesh-and-blood relatives, friends, neighbors, and colleagues at work. Some of the interaction was by phone, but it was still voice to voice, person to person, in real time.
But the latest study by the Pew Internet and American Life Project confirms that for a lot of people, electronic interaction through the computer has replaced a great deal of social interchange. A lot of folks Pew talked with say that’s a good thing, because of concerns that the Internet was turning us into hermits(隱居者) who shut out other people in favor of a make-believe world on computer screens.
To the contrary, the Pew study discovered. The Internet has put us in touch with many MORE real people than we’d have ever imagined. Helpful people, too. We’re turning to an ever-growing list of cyber friends for advice on careers, medical crises, child-rearing, and choosing a school or college. About 60 million Americans told Pew that the Internet plays an important or crucial role in helping them deal with major life decisions.
So we networked individuals are pretty tricky: we’re keeping more to ourselves, while at the same time reaching out to more people, all with just the click of a computer mouse!
26. The Pew study was conducted in         .
   A. Latin America                        B. Canada
   C. the United States                      D. Europe
27. In this passage, the network refers to a lot of connected        .
   A. friends                              B. people
   C. computers                           D. roads
28. Before the invention of the Internet, our connections with people took place mainly         .
    A. in person                            B. by phone
    C. by letter                             D. by e-mail
29. Which of the following has happened since the invention of the Internet?
    A. People talk on the phone more than ever.
    B. Much personal interaction has given way to computer interaction.
    C. Americans are getting more isolated.
    D. Americans have become more dependent on computers.
30. According to the Pew study, the role played by the Internet in human interaction is      .
    A. neutral                             B. negative
    C. unclear                             D. positive
Passage Four
President Obama has signed legislation to make the biggest changes in the health care system in forty-five years. Many parts of the plan will fully take effect in four years. But some take effect quickly. For example, in six months the new law will ban insurance companies from denying coverage to children with pre-existing health conditions. Adults with pre-existing conditions will be added in four years.
The government will help millions of people pay for insurance. It will also permit millions more to receive free coverage through the Medicaid program for the poor. In all, the plan aims to make health insurance available to 32 million people now without it. Illegal immigrants will not be able to take part.
An estimated 83% of people under 65 who are in the US legally now have insurance coverage. The plan is expected to raise that to 95% within several years. People over 65 are covered by the Medicaid insurance program which the government created in 1965.
For the first time, Americans will be required to have health insurance or face a yearly fine starting in four years. The law will also require companies with more than 50 employees to offer coverage. If not, they could face a fine of $2,000 a year for every worker.
Also, this year the law will start closing what is known as “the doughnut hole”. That is a lack of Medicaid coverage for some drug costs for older Americans. President Obama promised senior citizens that the reforms will not cut their guaranteed benefits.
The changes are expected to cost about $940 billion over ten years, but also help reduce the federal budget deficit.
31. According to the new health care plan, which of the following will be added first into insurance programs?
   A. Employees of small companies.
   B. Adults with pre-existing health conditions.
   C. Poor people now without health insurance.
   D. Children with pre-existing health conditions.
32. It can be inferred from the passage that the new Medicaid program for the poor will       .
   A. provide free health insurance for 32 million people
   B. provide free health insurance for all poor people
   C. be also applied to legal immigrants
   D. cover 83% of the people under 65
33. It seems that at present, large companies that do not offer health insurance coverage to their employees          .
   A. face heavy fines
   B. do not receive punishments
   C. are required to do so
   D. do not benefit from doing so
34. The “doughnut hole” implies that          are not covered by the existing Medicaid program.
   A. some drug costs for older Americans
   B. senior citizens over 65
   C. illegal immigrants
   D. expensed for hospital stay
35. Generally speaking, President Obama’s health insurance reform will        .
   A. bring heavy financial burdens to the country
   B. pose heavy financial burdens to the poor
   C. benefit both the people and the country
   D. be welcomed by the poor but opposed by companies. 
PART III  Vocabulary and Structure (20 points)
Directions : There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentences. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
36. You can arrive in Guangzhou on time for the fashion show___you don’t mind taking the night train.
A. provided        B. unless        C. though           D. until
37. The students are still taking about the strange people they___on their trip.
A. meet                 B. had met       C. were met         D. met
38. The players expected there___more free time after going back to the country from abroad.
A. is                        B. being         C. have been        D. to be
39. The man who___stopped from time to time as if he wanted to tie his shoelaces.
A. was being followed              B. was to followC. had followed                         D. was once followed
40. ___has finished the task ahead of time will be rewarded, though we don’t know who it will be.
A. Those who        B. Anyone      C. Whoever        D. Who
41. At last I decided to pay a visit to my new general manager as soon as I ___.
A. finish what I did        B. finished what I did    C. would finish what I was doing        D. finished what I was doing
42. These two countries are similar ___they both have a high snowfall during winter.
A. to that          B. besides that        C. in that         D. except that
43. They were surprised that a four-day-old boy should work out such a difficult problem___they themselves couldn’t.
A. once          B. then        C. while         D. if
44. Word has come ___a large number of the British Airway employees will go on strike next week.
A. that              B. what        C. when         D. whether
45. We would say it’s the best use that ____this money.
A. could be made of           B. could be made          C. could we make          D. could make of
46. It’s getting late. We____leave now, or we’ll miss the last bus.
A. had rather             B. had better           C. would rather            D. would better
47. It is ____that a hundred people can dance in it.
A. so large a room                      B. so a large room
C. such large a room                    D. a such large room
48. I can never thank you____much for your help. Without it, I couldn’t have finished my paper.
A. so           B. too           C. as           D. very
49. When I met her this morning, she had this ____look on her face. She must have worked late last night.
A. tire     B. tired      C. tiring        D. tiresome
50. Hawaii is ____a palace to relax; it’s also a marvelous spot to surf.
A. much as      B. less than       C. more than     D. rather as
51. I cannot believe that he____my offer.
A. turned on     B. turned off      C. turned down   D. turned over
52. It was one of the most beautiful scenes I had ever set my eyes____.
A. to           B. on            C. off           D. for
53. Though the Chinese medicine tastes____, it surely helps.
A. bad          B. badly         C. worse         D. worst
54. Night ____, the girl studying in her room switched on the light to do more reading.
A. is falling      B. has fallen      C. fell           D. having fallen
55. Doctors have said that as many as 50 percent of patients don’t take medicine____directed.
A. like          B. so            C. which         D. as
56. The traditional approach to dealing with complex problems is to       into smaller, more easily managed ones.
A. break them down        B. take them down     C. make them up       D. bring them up
57. Since man depends        such a great extent on forests, every effort must be made to preserve trees and wildlife.
A. on           B. in          C. to          D. at
58. Many animals that lived thousands of years ago are now      .
A. extinct       B. existent        C. distinct         D. diverse
59. The government gave a very      explanation of its plans for the development of electronic industry.
A. comprehensible         B. comprehensive      C. expressive        D. intensive
60. Many students____because they are not prepared for our challenging program.
A. turn out        B. fall out        C. let out         D. drop out
61. When she said she would be ready to help us out, she____well.
A. meant          B. pointed        C. looked        D. sensed
62. A dynamic free-market system can generate prosperity and progress on a global      .
A. size            B. scope          C. scale         D. dimension
63. More flight ____ will be opened across the country with the fast growth of tourism.
A. roads           B. ways           C. paths        D. routes
64. Please____your telephone message by writing to me.
A. infer           B. inform          C. confirm      D. contact
65. Red Cross is____ the operation to fly in supplies to the refuges.
A. in touch of                         B. in charge of
C. in honor of                         D. in pursuit of
66. Your debt situation is only temporary, and it is within your____to resolve it.
A. position         B. strength         C. power         D. right
67. Suffering was easier to____than the bitterness he felt destroying his spirit.
A. bear            B. resist          C. take          D. put
68. Most recent opinion polls suggest that the____between the two parties has narrowed.
A. distance         B. gap            C. lag          D. disagreement
69. Due to the fog, the flight will be cancelled---we apologize for any____.
A. discomfort      B. bother          C. difficulty      D. inconvenience
70. They had mistaken me for Williams, but during dinner the confusion was____.
A. raised up             B. backed up             C. mixed up              D. cleared up
71. I should have gone with my first____, which was not to do the interview.
A. emotion         B. instinct         C. response       D. sense
72. In the meantime, the question facing the committee is whether such research is ____the costs.
A. worth           B. value           C. worthy        D. valuable
73. We can accept your order____payment is made in advance, including the transportation expenses.
A. in the belief that         B. in order that          C. on the excuse that            D. on condition that
74. The project manager asked his assistant if it was possible for him to_____the investment plan within a week.
A. look out              B. make out           C. work out            D. hold out
75. To be truly successful, you must recognize what ____ you and what your life interests are.
A. maintains       B. motivates      C. dominates      D. determines
 Part IV Cloze Test (10 points)
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passag . For each numbered blank , there are 4 choices marked A,B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
 Mass immigration has benefited the economy greatly over the past ten years, a report claims today.
It has helped avoid    76  of labor and skilled workers and the economy has been able to stay on a “stable growth path”,  77   the Work Foundation.
Interest and inflation rates have also been kept    78   as a result of people coming to work in Britain--- and this has not led to lower wages for workers or  79   unemployment levels. “The government has had hard time over immigration, not because it has lost control of the issue, 80   because it has failed to tell a convincing story  81  steady high-quality information,” the report claims.
“The official statistics are so irregular that the government finds  82   difficult to defend otherwise good policies.” The Work Foundation is calling for work restrictions  83  Romanians and Bulgarians to be relaxed. The countries joined the European Union last year but their citizens do not have full    84    to move to Britain.
The findings contrast with a recent House of Lords report,   85   said there was no evidence to suggest immigration generated significant economic benefits for the country.
 76. A. neglect       B. shortage      C. ignorance        D. lacking
77. A. seeing to      B. owing to      C. according to      D. referring to
78. A. lesser         B. less          C. fewer           D. lower
79. A. affected       B. effected       C. infected         D. selected
80. A. and           B. or           C. either           D. but
81. A. linked to       B. based on      C. interested in     D. taken in
82. A. them          B. it            C. that            D. this
83. A. to            B. for           C. on             D. at
84. A. powers        B. forces        C. rights           D. strengths
85. A. which         B. it            C. this            D. that
 Part V   Writing (15point)
Directions: You are to write in 100-120 words about the title “The Problem(s) I Face(d) on My Job”. You should base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
 職場打拼不容易
我在職場(曾經)遇到的問題是······
解決的辦法是······
結論

201011月湖南成人高等教育統一考試
學士學位英語答案詳解

參考答案及精解
 PartⅠ. Dialogue Completion (15 points)
1. D  在回答對方贊揚時,英語中習慣的回答是“謝謝”。因此D為正確答案。
2. C  當對方為所做的事情表示“歉意(sorry)”時,英語中習慣的回答不是“批評”。ABD三個答案都有“批評”的意思。因此C為正確答案。
3. D  “Not me”的意思是“不是我;我不行;我不適合”;“So do I”的意思是“我也一樣”;“Same here”的意思是“我也是,彼此彼此”;“You got it”的意思是“沒問題,你干掉它!給你啦!”。針對說話人B回答“Pizza”時,說話人A說他自己喜歡巧克力冰激凌。根據此情景,說話人A應該是贊同說話人B的觀點,但是自己卻有不同的選擇。因此選項D為正確答案。
4. A  當說話人A對電腦表示抱怨時,說話人B回答道“把電腦重啟吧!”這是在給出建議,與此建議相搭配的應該是A答案“看看會不會好一點:是否有用”;B答案表達的是“無能為力”;C答案表達的是“誰知道?”;D答案表達的是“還有啥?”
5. A  “It’s a lost cause.”是句習語,其意思是“沒希望了”。C答案當中的“cause”和D答案當中的“Lost”都誤解了習語當中的意思,B答案與說話人A的話不相關。A答案表達的是一種責備。“It serves you right!”的意思是“活該”。
6. A  A答案的意思是“我也是”,用于強調含否定意義的短語;沒有“Me alike”這種表達;C答案用于肯定的認同;D答案應該是“Not that I know of”,其意思是“我不知道;據我所知不是那樣”。因此選項A為正確答案。
7. C  You know what?(你知道嗎?);That's good!(太好了!);Don’t worry(不用擔心);That’s it.(對;就是這樣了;就這么回事;就是如此了)。說話人A表示了對手術的恐懼,說話人B對其進行了安慰。因此C選項為正確答案。
8. A  Don’t look at me(別看著我,與我無關!);You ask for it!(活該;自找的!);You bet!(你可確信;的確;當然!);Don’t be silly!(別傻了;別犯傻)。根據上下文,A選項為正確答案。
9. D  說話人A說:“麻煩接分機1058.”該句話并不是真正意義上的疑問句,所以回答不用“Yes”或者“No”。B答案:“好的,給你”不符合對話場景。D選項“對不起,您要的電話正忙”符合該打電話場景。
10. C  說話人A對說話人B表示祝賀,習慣的回答首先是“謝謝!”C選項“Thank you for the good news”(非常感謝你的這個好消息)符合題意,為正確答案。
11. C  游客說“想去大英博物館”,警察回答“不,不是很遠。大約十分鐘的路程”,這說明游客問的是“遠近”問題。根據情境,C選項符合該場景。
12. D  I think so(我也這樣認為);I can’t wait(我迫不及待);Good for you!(好得很!真服了你;對你有好處);That’s fine with me.(好;沒問題;我沒意見)。說話人A說“火車10點出發,我9點鐘能夠來接你”,根據四個選項的意義,D選項符合該場景。
13. A  說話人A對未能趕上最后一趟火車而感到歉意,英語中習慣的回答不是“批評”。因此A選項“請不必說抱歉”符合該場景。
14. B  說話人A說“你肯定就是特迪。歡迎你來!”,這表明說話雙方應該相互不認識。“I’m fine. Thank you.”是對“How do you do?”的回答。“Here I am.”的意思是“我是;我到了;我就在這里”。“Who’s speaking please?”是電話用語。因此B選項“我是特迪。請問你是......?”符合此情景。
15. C  選項AB答非所問。“I wonder if you could tell me where to get map?”是個一般疑問句,對其肯定的回答一般用“Yes”或者“Sure”。因此答案選C。
 PartⅡ. Reading Comprehension (40points)
 Passage 1
 16. A 細節推斷題。根據“There’s no mistaking it---he’s cheating.”和“you see him looking back and forth between the teacher and his paper”,我們可以推斷出Jeff害怕(afraid)被老師發現其作弊。
17. A 細節分析題。B選項當中的“anywhere”,C選項當中的“usually”,以及D選項當中的“happens when we don’t know the answer to a question”均未在文章中出現。從“At school, in addition to cheating on a test,”可以得出“mainly in test-related settings”的分析結果。
18. D  細節推斷題。文章第四段第二句“But it doesn’t solve the problem of not knowing the material…”與“can’t help to really get the knowledge”意義對應,由此可知答案為D項。
19. D 單詞釋義題。“have it all figured out”意為“弄明白什么事情;把事情搞清楚了”,這與D選項當中的“clearly know the consequences of cheating”意義對應。因此D選項為正確答案。
20. C 文章主旨題。文章最后一句話“Even when there seems to be a “good reason” for cheating, cheating isn’t a good idea.”表明了文章的主旨——“quit cheating”。
 參考譯文:
    正當沃德曼太太分發拼寫試卷時,你看見杰夫拿出一張上面寫滿密密麻麻詞語的小紙片。杰夫把它藏在自己緊握的拳頭中,但是很快又把它拿了出來。當他正在進行考試時,你看見他的目光來來回回地在老師與試卷間徘徊。錯不了——他在作弊。
    當一個人出現故意誤導、欺騙或不誠實行為時,這就是作弊。對于孩子來說,舞弊可能發生在學校,家庭或進行一場運動比賽時。如果一支棒球隊只能由8歲或更小的孩子組成的話,那么9歲孩子參與其中便是一種作弊。
    在學校,除了試卷上的作弊,小孩子也可能通過盜取他人在科學項目上的思想或通過網絡抄襲讀書報告,并把它作為是自己的原創作品提交上去而作弊。
    一個人傾向于作弊是因為作弊似乎讓復雜的事情看起來簡單了,就像能夠獲得試卷上的正確答案一樣。但是作弊并不能幫你解決你所不知道的問題,而且它對下一次考試也無益——除非這個人繼續作弊。
    有時候作弊者似乎是一切都明白。他們可能看電視而不去為了拼寫測試學習。但是其他人卻對這些作弊者失去了尊重,并且看不起他們。作弊者自己也許會因為他們自己參了水分的成績而感覺糟糕。而且,如果他們作弊被抓,他們在學校將陷入麻煩之中,可能在家里也難逃麻煩。
    一些孩子作弊是因為他們很忙或者很懶,不想花時間學習就想得到好成績。其他一些孩子認為自己如果不作弊的話就無法通過考試。即使當每一次作弊都看上去理由充分時,但作弊不是個好主意。
 Passage 2
 21. D  細節分析題。A選項當中的“No one”和B選項當中的“not be any”都是非常絕對的答案,文中沒有提及。C選項當中的“7,000 languages in history”屬于過度概括,文中也沒有提及。D選項當中的“will possibly disappear”是對文章第一段第一句的正確解讀。
22. B  細節分析題。根據文章第二段第二句當中所提及的official language “is used more often” and “often represent a form of control over a group of people.”,我們可以得出official language has a stronger influence。選項ACD均未在文中提及。
23. A  細節分析題。第四段第二、三句“Languages contain the histories, ideas and knowledge of a culture. Languages also contain valuable information about local medicines, plants and animals.”中包含了“culture and nature”的信息,由此可分析出A選項為正確答案。BCD當中的“the working of the human minds”,“more closely”和“reveal ancient people’s thoughts”文中均未提及。
24. D  細節分析題。由文中最后一段第一句“Any hope for protecting languages can be found in children and their willingness to learn. 可推斷選項D正確,其余各項文中均未提及。
25. C  文章主旨題。文章第四段第一句“Experts say protecting languages is very important for many reasons.”是主題句,而且文章最后一句提到“It is these young people who can keep this form of culture alive for future generations.”,而“this form of culture”指的就是“language”,由此可知C項正確。
 參考譯文:
     專家說世界上的7000種語言,大約有超過一半以上的語言面臨著消失的危險。每兩個星期就有一種語言消失。
    有時候當最后一個懂這門語言的人死了,這一種語言也就立即消失了。或者,一種當地的語言也許會更加緩慢地消失。當一種官方語言被更加廣泛地使用,孩子們不再學習他們父母當地的語言,這種情況就會發生。官方語言往往代表著對一群人的一種控制。
    縱觀歷史,一個強勢群體所使用的語言會擴展到其文明。這種更具影響力的文化很少尊重那些弱小種族的語言和文化。當強勢群體的語言起著更加強大影響力的時候,弱勢群體便失去自己的地方語言。
專家們有充分理由來說明保護語言是十分重要的。語言包含著一種文化的歷史、思想以及知識。語言也同樣包含著一些關于當地醫學、植物和動物的有價值的信息。
    許多瀕臨滅絕的語言是被那些與自然世界緊密相連的當地文化所使用。他們古老的語言中蘊含著許許多多關于環境體系和科學家們未知動植物種類的信息。當這門語言最后的掌握者離去時,這一種語言中所攜帶的有價值的信息也就消失了。從眾多角度來說,語言是心靈和世界的一扇窗。
    保護語言的希望可以從孩子們身上以及他們學習語言的意愿當中找到。能夠為我們將來的子孫后代保存這種文化形式的人正是這些年輕人。
 Passage 3
 26. C 細節推斷題。由文章第四段第一句話“the Pew Internet and American Life Project”和第五段的最后一句“About 60 million Americans told Pew”可知C項正確。
27. B 細節推斷題。文章第二段第二句提到“Until the Internet and e-mail came along, our social networks involved flesh-and-blood relatives, friends, neighbors, and colleagues at work.”,中間的“relatives, friends, neighbors, and colleagues at work”指的都是“people”,由此可知B項正確。
28. A 細節推斷題。由文章第二段第三句“Some of the interaction was by phone, but it was still voice to voice, person to person, in real time.”中的“person to person”可知A項正確。
29. B 細節推斷題。由文章第四段第一句“electronic interaction through the computer has replaced a great deal of social interchange.”可知B項正確。
30. A 文章主旨題。從文章最后一段“So we networked individuals are pretty tricky...”可以看出作者中立的觀點,因此A項正確。
 參考譯文:
    加拿大多倫多大學的一名教授提出了一個術語,這個術語描述了我們很多北美人近年來的互動方式。并且一項重大的研究調查證實了這一點。
    巴利·威爾曼的術語是“網絡個體主義 ”。這并不是個容易理解的概念。實際上,這兩個字看上去自相矛盾。我們怎么可以同時做到個性化并且網絡化?你需要其他人來組建你的網絡。
    這是他一直所認為的。在互聯網和電子郵件的到來之前,我們的社交網絡涉及有血有肉的親戚、朋友、鄰居以及共事的同事。其中一些交流是靠手機,但是仍然是實時的聲音對聲音,人與人之間的交流。
    但是佩尤研究中心“網絡與美國生活項目”的最新研究證實,對于大多數人來說,通過電腦的電子互動已經替代了一大部分的社會交流。互聯網正在讓我們成為拒絕其他人而支持電腦屏幕上的虛幻世界的隱居者,因為對此的關心,佩尤研究中心所調查的很多人認為這是件好事。
    相反,佩尤研究中心的研究表明:互聯網讓我們接觸到的人比我們真實想象到的要多得多,同時還很用幫助的人。為了尋求有關求職、醫療風險、小孩撫養和選擇學校或大學的建議,我們正在不斷擴大網絡交際面。大約有6000萬美國人通過佩尤研究中心認為互聯網在幫助他們作出人生的重要抉擇時起著一個至關重要的作用。
    所以我們這些網絡化的個人很是滑稽:我們自己不愿意與人交際,與此同時又去接觸更多的人,我們所需要做的僅僅是點擊一下鼠標。
 Passage 4
 31. B  細節推斷題。文章第一段最后一句提到“Adults with pre-existing conditions will be added in four years.”(四年之內,有過往病史的成年人也將納入投保范圍),由此推斷答案為B。
32. A  細節推斷題。由文章第二段第三句“In all, the plan aims to make health insurance available to 32 million people now without it.”(總之,該計劃目的在于為目前沒有醫療保險的三千兩百萬美國人提供保險。)可知A項正確。
33. B  細節推斷題。文章第四段第二、三句句提到“The law will also require companies with more than 50 employees to offer coverage. If not, they could face a fine of $2,000 a year for every worker.”(該法律還要求擁有超過50名雇員的公司參保。否則,他們將面臨2,000美元每人每年的罰款。),這就意味著現在沒有對應的懲罰。由此可知B項正確。
34. A  細節推斷題。文中第五段第二句提到“That is a lack of Medicaid coverage for some drug costs for older Americans.”(這指的是醫療保障項目對美國老年人使用的某些藥物費用缺少覆蓋。),由此可知A項正確。
35. C  文章主旨題。從文章第二段第一句“The government will help millions of people pay for insurance.”和文章最后一句“...but also help reduce the federal budget deficit.”可知奧巴馬的醫療改革將“benefit both the people and the country”。因此C項正確,其余各項文章均無提及。
 參考譯文:
 
    奧巴馬總統已經簽署法律,對醫保體系進行45年來最大的改革。這項計劃的許多部分需要四年時間才能全面生效,但是其中一些措施將很快生效。例如,六個月之內,新的法律將禁止保險公司拒絕為存在過往病史(pre-existing conditions)的兒童投保。四年之內,有過往病史的成年人也將納入投保范圍。
    政府將幫助數百萬人支付保險費用,還將允許數百萬人通過低收入人口醫療保障計劃(Medicaid program)獲得免費覆蓋。總之,該計劃目的在于為目前沒有醫療保險的三千兩百萬美國人提供保險。但非法移民將不能參加。
    現在,預計83%合法居住在美國的65歲以下的人口被保險覆蓋,該計劃期望在幾年之內將醫保覆蓋面提升至95%。65歲以上人口由政府在1965年設立的醫療保障項目(Medicare)提供保險覆蓋。
    四年之內,美國民眾將第一次被要求參加醫療保險,否則每年都將面臨罰款。該法律還要求擁有超過50名雇員的公司參保。否則,他們將面臨2,000美元每人每年的罰款。
    今年,該法律還將關閉所謂的“甜甜圈洞”。這指的是醫療保障項目對美國老年人使用的某些藥物費用缺少覆蓋。奧巴馬總統向年長市民承諾,醫療改革不會削減他們的保證利益。
這項長達10年的計劃預計將耗資9400億美元,但是同時幫助削減了聯邦預算赤字。
 Part III. Vocabulary and Structures (20 points)
 36. A  provided 引導句子時有“假定”之意。provided(常 ~ that;表條件)在…條件下;倘若,假若,只要 (only if);unless 除非,如果不 (= if…not);though雖然;盡管;until在…以前;直到…時。題干意思:如果你不介意乘坐這趟夜間火車的話,你就能夠準時到達廣州趕上時裝秀。
37. D  本題考查時態。旅途中的“遇見”是過去發生的動作,因此排除A(一般現在時)和C(被動語態);B選項(過去完成時)一般與過去式組合。因此正確答案為D。題干意思:學生們正在談論他們在旅途中遇見的陌生人。
38. D  本題考查There be的用法。“There being”通常表示“已經存在”的事情。“There to be”可以用作一個動詞的賓語,我們通常稱之為復合賓語,其意義常表示對將來的一種意愿或希望,但目前還沒“存在”。題干意思:這群運動員期望回國之后有更多的自由時間。
39. A  本題考查過去進行時被動語態的用法。本句所強調的是“正在”被跟蹤,因此要用過去進行時的被動語態。題干意思:被跟蹤的這個人時不時地停下來,好像是想去系鞋帶。
40. A  本題考查的是名詞性從句引導詞。“will be rewarded”是真正的謂語動詞,前面應當是名詞性定語從句做主語。A選項“Those who”與“who it will be(單數)”相矛盾;B選項應當是“Anyone who”;D選項與題意不符。題干意思:雖然我們不知道這個人是誰,但是無論誰提前完成此項工作都將獲得獎勵。
41. D  根據題意,as soon as所引導的時間狀語從句中,謂語動詞finish所發生的時間為“過去將來”。這里的“過去將來”要用一般過去時來表示,不用過去將來時,因而選項D是正確答案。as soon as所引起的時間狀語從句中,用一般過去時表示“過去將來”時間的用法,類似于用一般現在時來表示“將來”時間的用法。題干意思:最后我決定一做完手頭的工作就去拜訪我的新任總經理。
42. C  besides that此外;in that意為“因為”;except that只可惜;除了…之外。題干意思:這兩個國家的情形相似,因為冬季降雪很多。
43. C  while是并列連詞,意為“而,卻”,前后有對比的意味。題干意思:一個四天大的男孩竟然能夠解決如此有難度的問題,而他們自己卻不能,對此他們很是驚訝。
44. A  that可引導同位語從句,說明被修飾名詞的內容。題干意思:有消息稱下周很多英國航空公司職員將參加罷工。
45. A  這個一個主語從句,it 指代 that 后面的內容。be made of 是固定詞組,意為“利用”。題干意思:我們可以說這是這筆錢的最好用處。
46. A  had rather寧肯,寧愿;had better最好;would rather寧愿,寧可;would better應該,必須。題干意思:天不早了。我們最好馬上就走,否則就趕不上最后一趟班車了。
47. A  引導結果狀語從句的句型主要有:so+adj(adv)+that從句;so+adj+a(an)+n+that從句;such+a(an)+adj+n+that從句。表示“這樣……(一個)……以至于……”。題干意思:這么大的一座房子以至于可以容納一百個人一同跳舞。
48. B  I can never thank you too much.意為“我無論怎么感謝你都不為過(多)——即感激不盡。”類似的表達還有 I can’t agree more——非常贊同。題干意思:對你的幫助我表示感激不盡。若是沒有你的幫助,我不能完成我的論文。
49. B  tire輪胎,使疲倦,厭煩,勞累;tired疲倦的,疲憊的,感到疲倦;tiring累人的;tiresome 令人厭煩,無聊的,吃力的。題干意思:今天早上碰到她時,她一臉疲憊,昨天肯定是工作到很晚。
50. B  much as(雖然,盡管)表讓步;less than小于,決不,毫不;more than不僅僅是,超過;rather as不是標準詞組。題干意思:夏威夷不僅是個休閑天堂,同時還是個飄浪的絕佳地方。
51. B  turned on打開,發動;turned off關上,出產,解雇;turned down關小,調低,拒絕; turned over翻過來,翻倒;移交,交;仔細考慮。題干意思:他拒絕我所開出的條件,我簡直不能相信。
52. B  set eyes on是固定詞組,意為見到,望見。題干意思:這是我見過的最漂亮的景色之一。
53. A  taste在這里做感官系動詞,后面接形容詞做補足語,說明主語情況,類似的系動詞還有feel, sound, smell。題干意思:這中藥雖然嘗起來苦,但肯定是有幫助的。
54. D  本題的后半部分是主句,真正的謂語動詞是switched on。Night引導的是從句,having fallen是現在分詞完成式,做狀語。題干意思:夜幕降臨時,在房里學習的這個女孩打開了燈,想接著讀。
55. D  as directed為as they are directed的省略形式,as引導方式狀語,意為“象…”而like為介詞,不可引導從句。當從句中的主語與主句中的主語一致時,從句中的主語和謂語動詞的一部分可以省略。題干意思:醫生們說有百分之50之多的病人不按說明書用藥。
56. B  break down分解;take down記下,拿下,拆卸,病倒;make up彌補,組成,化妝,整理,捏造;bring up提出,教育,養育,嘔出,(船等)停下。題干意思:對于復雜問題的解決辦法一般就是把問題分成多個小一些,簡單一些的問題來處理。
57. C  to such a great extent意為“這么大的程度上”。題干意思:由于人類這么大程度上依賴深林,因此我們應盡一切的努力以保護樹木和野生動物。
58. A  extinct滅絕的,絕種的,熄滅的;existent生存者,存在的;distinct明顯的,獨特的,清楚的,有區別的;diverse不同的,多種多樣的,變化多的。題干意思:許多生活在幾千年以前的動物現在已經沒絕了。
59. B  comprehensible可理解的;comprehensive廣泛的,綜合的;expressive有表現力的;intensive加強的,集中的,加強語氣的。題干意思:政府對電子工業發展的規劃作了詳盡的解釋。
60. D  turn out生產,結果是,關掉,出動,驅逐;fall out脫落,爭吵,離隊;let out放出,泄露,出租;drop out退出,退學,脫離。題干意思:許多學生因為沒有準備好應對我們的挑戰性項目而中途退出了。
61. A  she meant well意為“她是好意的”;pointed指出;looked看起來;sensed感覺。題干意思:當她說她準備幫助我們擺脫困境時,她是好意的。
62. C  size大小,尺寸;scope范圍,余地,視野,眼界,導彈射程;scale規模,比例,鱗,刻度,天平,數值范圍;dimension維,尺,次元,容積。on a global scale是個固定詞組,意為“全球規模的,全球性的,全球范圍內”。題干意思:一個有活力的自由市場體系能夠在全球范圍內促成繁榮與進步。
63. D  road公路,道路,手段;way方法,道路,方向,行業,習慣;path道路,小路,軌道;route路線,航線,通道,flight routes航線。題干意思:隨著旅游業的快速增長,國與國之間將開辟更多的航線。
64. C  infer推斷,推論;inform通知,告訴,報告;confirm進一步證實,確定,支持;contact聯系,接觸。題干意思:請給我來封信,好進一步證實你在電話中傳達的消息。
65. B  in touch of可接近的,可做到的,可達到的;in charge of負責,主管;in honor of向…致敬,向…表示敬意,為慶祝…;in pursuit of尋求,追求。題干意思:紅十字會負責向難民空運供給。
66. C  position位置,職位,姿態;strength力量,強度,力氣,兵力,長處;power力量,勢力,動力;right正確,右邊,正義,權利。within one’s power意為“力所能及”。題干意思:你的債務狀況只是暫時,你有能力解決。
67. A  bear結果實,忍受,具有,支撐;resist抵抗,忍耐,忍住;take拿,取,采取,吃,接受;put放,表達,移動,安置,賦予。題干意思:與他感覺自己的精神被摧毀的苦惱相比,身體的痛苦更加容易忍受。
68. B  distance距離,遠方,疏遠,間隔;gap間隙,缺口,空白;lag落后,遲延,防護套,囚犯,桶板;disagreement不一致,爭論,意見不同。題干意思:最近絕大多數民意調查表明兩黨之間的隔閡已經縮小。
69. D  discomfort不適,不安;bother麻煩,煩惱;difficulty困難,困境;inconvenience不便,麻煩。題干意思:由于大霧,本次航班取消。由此給您帶來的不便,敬請原諒。
70. D  raised up舉起,抬起;backed up支持,援助,(資料)備份,倒退;mixed up混淆,拌和,調和;cleared up澄清,清理,放晴,打掃。題干意思:他們將我誤認為是威廉了,但是這種誤會在晚餐期間被澄清了。
71. B  emotion情感;情緒;instinct本能,直覺,天性;response響應,反應,回答;sense感覺,官能;觀念,道理,理智。題干意思:我應該跟著我的第一直覺走,那就是不去做那次采訪。
72. A  worth值…的,價值,財產;value價值,重要性,價格,評價,估價,重視;worthy值得的,有價值的,配得上的,相稱的,可尊敬的,應…的,杰出人物,知名人士;valuable有價值的,貴重的,可估價的,貴重物品。be worth something = be worth doing something = be worthy of something = be worthy to be soemthing = be worthy of doing something。題干意思:在此同時,委員會面臨的問題是這樣的研究是否值得這筆花費。
73. D  in the belief that相信……;in order that目的是……;on the excuse that作為……的辯解;on condition that以……作為條件。題干意思:我們接受你的訂貨,條件是必須提前付款,還得包括運輸費用。
74. C  look out注意,向外看;make out辨認,明白,寫出;work out(=develop, devise, arrange)制訂,設計;hold out堅持,伸出,提供,維持,抵制,主張,扣留。題干意思:項目經理問他的助手能否在一周之內完成(制定出)投資方案。
75. B  maintain維持,繼續,維修,主張,供養;motivate刺激,使有動機,激發…的積極性;dominate控制,支配,占優勢,在…中占主要地位;determine決定,判決,使…下定決心。題干意思:要想獲得真正的成功,你必須認識到激勵自己的是什么以及自己的生活興趣是什么。
 Part . Close
 76. B  neglect疏忽,忽略,怠慢;shortage不足,缺少,短缺;ignorance無知,愚昧,不知,不懂;lacking缺乏的,沒有的,不足的。
77. C  seeing to注意,留心;owing to由于,因為;according to根據,按照,取決于,據……所說;referring to關于;提及;參閱。
78. D  low interest rate低利息率,low inflation rate低通貨膨脹率。
79. A  affected受到影響的;effected實現了的;受影響的;infected被感染的;selected挑選出來的。
80. D  本題考查的是對“not...but”的掌握,意為“不是……而是”
81. B  linked to鏈接到,把……和……連接,把…和…聯系起來;based on以……為基礎,基于;interested in對……有興趣;taken in對……加以考慮;收進。
82. B  it做形式賓語。find后面常加形式賓語,再加形容詞,最后加帶to 的動詞不定式。不定式短語to defend otherwise good policies做finds的賓語,difficult是賓語補足語。
83. C  restrictions on表示“對……的限制”,類似的用法還有lift sanctions on撤消制裁;impose  sanctions on進行制裁;實施制裁。
84. C  power力量,勢力,動力;force力量,武力,軍隊,魄力;right正確,右邊,正義,權利;strength力量,強度,力氣,兵力,長處。have rights to do sth有權利去做某事。
85. A  which引導非限制性定語從句,指代“House of Lords report”。
參考譯文:
今天的一份報道宣稱,在過去十年里,國家的經濟已經大大地得益于大量的移民。
根據工作基金會的報道,移民的到來已經幫助國家避免了勞動力和熟練工人的短缺,經濟能夠在“穩定發展之路”上繼續得以保持。
由于人們來到英國工作,利息和通貨膨脹率也被保持在低水平——而且這并沒有導致工人工資更低和失業狀況受到影響。報道宣稱,“政府對移民問題一直感到很費勁,不是因為掌控不了移民問題,而是因為政府未能夠傳遞一個基于穩定高質量信息且有說服力的信息。”
“官方的統計數據是如此之混亂,以至于政府發現很難去為本來就很好的政策進行辯護。”工作基金會呼吁應該放松對羅馬尼亞人和保加利亞人的工作限制。這兩個國家去年加入了歐盟,但是其公民卻沒有足夠的權利移居英國。
這些研究與上議院最近的一份報告相沖突,上議院的報告稱,沒有證據表明移民為英國產生了顯著的經濟效益。
 Part Writing
                     The problems I faced on my job
        It is universally acknowledged that it is hard to survive in the battlefield of career. Numerous problems may occur even if we are well-prepared.
        I still remembered the most difficult problem I encountered on my job is about how to get along with my colleagues. It seems quite easy on the surface, but at that time I tried my utmost to establish a harmonious relationship with them and I failed. First, it is hard to deal with my female colleagues.           What I tell them today is what other colleagues know tomorrow. It is impossible for them to keep words. Second, I find difficulty in communicating with my supervisor. It seems he is never satisfied with my work.
        I tried several ways to improve the situation. For my female colleagues, I made it a rule that I will never talk about other colleagues’ privacy with them. I never make any negative comments. Instead, I use positive words to describe other people. For my supervisor, I tried to communicate with him when he is less impatient and moody. People tend to accept others’ opinions when they are relaxed and in a happy mood. I find this method very helpful.
        Now I am a senior staff in my company. When problems occur, it is no use complaining about them. My own experience is good example to show that problems can be solved successfully. 


广东十一选五走势