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2015年11月湖南成人教育學位英語【模擬】試題和答案解析(三)
發布時間:2015年09月20日 來源:湖南大學自考辦

2015年湖南成人高等教育學士學位
英語模擬試題和答案解析(三)
【答案在最后】

 

選作題I:

 
Part IDialogue Communication ( 15 % )
Directions: In this section, you will read 15 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by 4 choices marked A ,B , C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue by marking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
1. Speaker A: Firstly, allow me to introduce myself. My name is John Brown, manager of the company.
Speaker B:       
A. You must be mistaken. I don' t know you at all.
B. Hello, Brown! I haven' t seen you for ages.
C. How do you do, Mr. Brown? Very happy to see you.
D. Hi, John! Welcome to China.
 
2. W: How long can I keep the book?
M:       
A. Yes. You can keep it.
B. No. I' m afraid you should return it now.
C. Three weeks. But you can renew it if you need it for a longer time.
D. You can take it at any time you want.
 
3. Speaker A: Take a seat, Mr. Brown. Could you tell me which position you think most appeals to you?
Speaker B:       
A. Well, I' m easy-going and have many personal interests.
B. I' m strong-willed and determined.
C. I prefer to take the post of sales manager if you think I' m qualified.
D. I don' t quite care whatever is offered to me.
 
4. W: I was thinking of staying in tonight to surf the Internet, do you want to join me?
M:       
A. Staying in tonight to surf the Internet? It' s a good idea. Enjoy yourself.
B. Join you with the Internet? What about the Internet?
C. What I want to do is nothing else but take a walk.
D. Not really. I work on the computer all day long. I need a break from computer' s screen.
 
5. Speaker A: I wonder if Ann will come. It' s 8:30 now and she was supposed to come at 8: 00.
Speaker B:       
A. She assured me she would start at 7: 30. Maybe she had been held up by the traffic.
B. You shouldn' t be wondering. I believe she won' t come.
C. Don' t worry. Let' s wait here until she comes.
D. Yes. I do agree with you.
 
6. M:What are you doing?
W:Trying to get this wine stain(污漬) out of the carpet.
M:Hang on. There' s some soda here. It should take the stain right out.
W :Really? Hey,       
A. it is really functioning.
B. it is really working.
C. it is really playing.
D. it is really influencing.
 
7. Endy : Hi, Tom. How is everything?
Tom.       
A. I don' t care at all.
B. No good, thanks.
C. Not bad. How are you?
D. Thank you for asking.
 
8. Grandpa: Robbie, we' ll go fishing soon, and we' ll take your Dad with us.
Grandson: I'm ready, Grandpa.       
A. You name the day.
B. Enjoy yourselves.
C. You can' t miss it.
D. Take your time.
 
9. Teacher: Where is Mike this morning?
Student: He' s got a cold.
Teacher:       
A. Just tell him to take it easy.
B. He is absent.
C. What' s the matter with him ?
D. What? Where is he?
 
10. W: How was the job interview? I think you make a good journalist(記者).
M:       
 A. Well. My application was a journalist.
 B. Well. I gave it up as I was a journalist.
 C. Well. The interview is OK. But I want to be a journalist.
 D. Well. The people interviewed were not very cooperative.
 
11. Speaker A: Have you ever done any work in this field?
 Speaker B :       
 A. It doesn' t mean I can' t do it well without experience.
 B. No. But we did some practice in class.
 C. Maybe I can try it now.
 D. This is just the chance for me to practice.
 
12. W : This book is great. I can' t put it down.
 M:       
 A. What? I can' t imagine your being excited by a book.
 B. Sorry. Books cannot attract you so much.
 C. I doubt you are involved in something else.
 D. Perhaps this book is something mysterious.
 
13. Waiter:       
 Customer: Yes, I' ll have a cheeseburger, with French fries(薯條).
 A. What do you want to eat?
 B. Have you decided what to have yet?
 C. Excuse me, are you ready to order now?
 D. Excuse me, but who' s like to order?
 
14. W: How did you do with your essay for Professor Black Scott?
 M.       
 A. Everything is OK. But I failed to finish it.
 B. Professor Smith Scott didn' t work successfully enough to let me believe in him.
 C. Nonsense. It' s not your business.
 D. Not too bad, it took me almost 10 hours.
 
15. Mary: Tom, would you like to go to a party this Sunday?
 Tom:         What kind of party ?
 Mary: It' s a birthday party.
A. Sounds good
B. Looks nice
C. Seems all right
D. Feels excellent
 
Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)
Directions : There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A ,B , C and D. You should decideon the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
Passage 1
 
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
 
Some psychologists(心理學家) maintain that mental acts such as thinking are not performed
in the brain alone, but that one' s muscles also participate. (76) It may be said that we think with
our muscles in somewhat the same way that we listen to music with our bodies.
You surely are not surprised to be told that you usually listen to music not only with your ears
but with your whole body. Few people can listen to music without moving their body or, more specifically, some part of their body. Often when one listens to a symphonic concert on the radio, he is attracted to direct the orchestra (樂隊) even though he knows there is a good conductor on the job.
Strange as this behavior may be, there is a very good reason for it. One cannot derive all possible enjoyment from music unless he participates, so to speak, in its performance. The listener "feels" himself into the music with more or less noticeable motions of his body.
( 77 ) The muscles of the body actually participate in the mental process of thinking in the same
way, but this participation is less obvious because it is less noticeable.
 
1. Some psychologists think that thinking is       
A. not a mental process
B. more of a physical process than a mental action
C. a process that involves our entire bodies
D. a process that involves the muscles as well as the brain
 
2. The process of thinking and that of listening to music are similar in that       
A. both are mental acts
B. muscles participate in both processes
C. both processes are performed by the entire body
D. we derive equal enjoyment from them
 
3. Few people are able to listen to familiar music without       
A. moving some part of their body
B. stopping what they are doing to listen
C. directing the orchestra playing it
D. wishing that they could conduct music properly
 
4. The listener's way of "feeling" the music is       
A. the unnoticed motion of his muscles
B. "participating" in the performance
C. bending an ear to the music
D. being the conductor of the orchestra
 
5. According to the passage, muscle participation in the process of thinking is       
A. deliberate
B. Apparent
C. indistinct
D. impressive
 
Passage 2
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
 
It is difficult to imagine what life would be like without memory. (78) The meanings of. thousands of everyday perceptions , the bases for the decisions we make, and the roots of our habits and
skills are to be found in our past experiences, which are brought into the present by memory.
Memory can be defined as the capacity to keep information available for later use. It includes
not only "remembering" things like arithmetic or historical facts, but also involving any change in
the way an animal typically behaves. (79)Memory is involved when a rat gives up eating grain be-
cause he has sniffed something suspicious in the grain pile. Memory is also involved when a six-
year-old child learns to swing a baseball bat.
Memory exists not only in humans and animals but also in some physical objects and machines. Computers, for example, contain devices for storing data for later use. It is interesting to
compare the memory-storage capacity of a computer with that of a human being. The instant-access memory of a large computer may hold up to 100,000 " words" --ready for instant use. An average U.S. teenager probably recognizes the meaning of about 100,000 words of English. However, this is but a fraction of the total amount of information which the teenager has stored. Consider, for example, the number of faces and places that the teenager can recognize on sight.
The use of words is the basis of the advanced problem-solving intelligence of human beings.
A large part of a person' s memory is in terms of words and combinations of words.
 
6. According to the passage, memory is considered to be       
A. the basis for decision making and problem solving
B. an ability to store experiences for future use
C. an intelligence typically possessed by human beings
D. the data mainly consisting of words and combinations of words
 
7. The comparison made between the memory capacity of a large computer and that of a human being shows that       
A. the computer' s memory has a little bigger capacity than a teenager' s
B. the computer' s memory capacity is much smaller that an adult human being' s
C. the computer' s memory capacity is much smaller even than a teenager' s
D. both A and B
 
8. The whole passage implies that         
A. only human beings have problem-solving intelligence
B. a person' s memory is different from a computer' s in every respect
C. animals are able to solve only very simple problems
D. animals solve problems by instincts rather than intelligence
 
9. The phrase "in terms of" in the last sentence can best be replaced by       
A. "in connection with"
B. "expressed by"
C. "consisting"
D. "by means of"
 
10. The topic of the passage is:       
 A. What would life be like without memory ?
 B. Memory is of vital importance to life.
 C. How is a person' s memory different from an animal' s or a computer' s?
 D. What is contained in memory ?
 
Passage 3
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
 
Today anyone will accept money in exchange for goods and services. People use money to
buy food, furniture, books, bicycles and hundreds of others they need or want. When they work,
they usually get paid in money.
Most of the money today is made of metal or paper. But people used to use all kinds of things
as money. One of the first kinds of money was shells.
Shells were not the only things used as money. In China, cloth and knives were used. In the
Philippine Islands, rice was used as money. In some parts of Africa, cattle were one of the earliest
kinds of money. Other animals were used as money, too.
The first metal coins were made in China. They were round and had a square hole in the center. People strung them together and carried them from place to place.
Different countries have used different metals and designs for their money. The first coins in
England were made of tin. Sweden and Russia used copper to make their money. Later, other
countries began to make coins of gold and silver.
But even gold and silver were inconvenient if you had to buy something expensive. Again the
Chinese thought of a way to improve money. They began to use paper money. (80) The first paper
money looked more like a note from one person to another than paper money used today.
Money has had an interesting history from the days of shell money until today.
 
11. Which of the following can be cited as an example of the use of money in exchange for services?
 A. To sell a bicycle for $20.
 B. To get some money for old books at a garage sale.
 C. To buy things you need or want.
 D. To get paid for your work.
 
12. Where were shells used as money in history?
A. In the Philippines.
B. In China.
C. In Africa.
D. We don' t know.
 
13. Why, according to the passage, did ancient Chinese coins have a square hole in the center?
 A. Because it would be easier to put them together and carry them around.
 B. Because it would be lighter for people to carry them from place to place.
 C. Because people wanted to make it look nicer.
 D. Because people wanted to save the expensive metal they were made from.
 
14. Why does the author say that even gold and silver were inconvenient if you had to buy some-
 thing expensive?
 A. Because they are easy to steal.
 B. Because they are difficult for people to obtain.
 C. Because they are not easy to carry around.
 D. Because they themselves are expensive, too.
 
15. Which do you choose as the best title for this passage?
 A. Money and Its Uses
 B. Different Things Used as Money
 C. Different Countries, Different Money
 D. The History of Money
 
Part II Vocabulary and Structure (30 % )
Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
16. Darkness doesn' t trouble cats, for they can see       
 A. in dark
B. in the dark
 C. in a darkness
D. in darkness
 
17. The earthquake happened in       
A. late 1960s
B. the late of 1960s
C. late of 1960s
D. late of the 1960s
 
18. If you want to become a doctor, you ought to study       
A. medicine
B. the medicine
C. literature
D. the literature
 
19. I' ve got        today.
A. the bad toothache
B. a bad toothache
C. bad toothaches
D. the bad toothaches
 
20. "What' s in your hand?"
 "It is a        bill. "
A. two-thousand dollar
B. two thousand dollars
C. two-thousand-dollar
D. two-thousand-dollars
 
21. By the time the war        , most of the people had already left.
A. broke out
B. broke up
C. intervened
D. happen
 
22. My father was asked to        the New York office.
A, take part in
B. take place
C. take over
D. take in
 
23.        work has been done to improve people' s living standard.
A. Many
B. A great many
C. A large number of
D. A great deal of
 
24. Lincoln thought it was wrong to keep Negroes        slaves.
A. in
B. as
C. for
D. at
 
25. The search was        when the fog got thicker.
A. called off
B. called on
C. called in
D. called for
 
26. After being tested in many ways, this newly-designed machine will        in the near future.
A. take place
B. put into use
C. come into use
D. take action
 
27. If you associate with such people, I' m afraid you        serious trouble.
A. are heading for
B. are making
C. are avoiding
D. are creating
 
28. From then on, a sound system of Party Committee meetings was        in all leading bodies.
A. constructed
B. instituted
C. confirmed
D. given up
 
29. The train will        from Platform 2 at 3:45 on Tuesday morning.
A. depart
B. arrive
C. stop
D. derail
 
30. A judge must be        when weighing evidence.
A. interested
B. disinterested
C. separated
D. disconnected
 
31. At present time, people have a trend to live in the       
A. suburb
B. suburbs
C. garb
D. outskirts
 
32. This kind of work is        me.
A. unfamiliar with
B. unfamiliar by
C. unfamiliar to
D. not unfamiliar of
 
33. You must         the facts and should not run away from the truth.
A. look
B. Sight
C. front
D. face
 
34. It' s no use ringing me up at the office this week because I' m       
A. by my leave
B. at leave
C. in holidays
D. on holiday
 
35. There is no mason why you should tell them        that you are going.
A. for advance
B. in advance
C. on advance
D. of advancing
 
36. She        and fell from the top of the stairs to the bottom.
 A. slipped
B. sloped
C. split
D. spilt
 
37. He has arrived late       
A. as usual
B. as usually
C. like usual
D. like usually
 
38. Have you any other reasons        the ones you just mentioned above?
 A. in addition to B. beside
 C. off D. at addition with
 
39. I didn' t know what to do but then an idea suddenly        me.
A. happened to
B. entered
C. occurred to
D. took place
 
40. The dog frightened the little girl        crying.
 A. into
B. to
C. with
D. for
 
41. Have you ever had        in your country?
 A. a women' s boxer
B. a woman' s boxer
 C. a women boxer
D. a woman boxer
 
42. May I have        that is on the top shelf?
 A. a bread
B. some bread
 C. loaf of bread
D. the loaf of bread
 
43. In some countries        are getting richer and richer.
 A. rich B. the richC. riches. D. the riches
44. Play is usually more enjoyable than       
 A. a job
B. Job
C. a work
D. work
 
45. The mini-skirt is       
 A. in fashions
B. in a fashion
 C. in fashion
D. in the fashion
 
Part Identification ( 10 % )
Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined pans marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
第46-54題
第55題

Part IV Cloze(10)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
Even a child knows that nodding head means "Yes". But some people would probably56when they first came to India. When they talked to57Indian, he would often shake his head. They58think that the India did not like59they said, but on the contrary, he was expressing60
The Indians61a habit of shaking their62slightly when they talk to63 It doesn' t mean "No", but "64". If a person doesn' t65, it might cause misunderstandings.
At one time, a foreign diplomat (外交官)66told his driver who was an Indian67him to his office. The driver68his head. The young diplomat repeated his69and the river shook his70again. At last, the71shouted angrily, "Drive me72my office at once!"73driver also in a quite loud74, "Yes, sir. "smiling and75his head at the same time.
 
56.
A. puzzled
B. be puzzled
C. puzzle
D. be puzzling
 
57.
A. a
B. an
C. one
D. another
 
58.
A. might
B. may
C. can
D. must
 
59.
A. that
B. which
C. how
D. what
 
60.
A. agree
B. Disagree
C. agreement
D. disagreement
 
61.
A. having
B. had
C. has
D. have
 
62.
A. head
B. heads
C. hand
D. hands
 
63.
A. anybody
B. somebody
C. nobody
D. everybody
 
64.
A. Yes
B. No
C. Not
D. Before
 
65.
A. know
B. speak
C. say
D. talk
 
66.
A. to India
B. on India
C. at India
D. in India
 
67. A. send
B. sending
C. to send
D. sent
 
68.
A. nodded
B. shakes
C. shaking
D. shook
 
69.
A. answer
B. request
C. question
D. difficulty
 
70.
A. hand
B. head
C. hands
D. driver
 
71.
A. diplomat
B. officer
C. Indian
D. difficulty
 
72.
A. at
B. in
C. to
D. into
 
73.
A. A
B. An
C. The
D. One
 
74.
A. sound
B. noise
C. sounds
D. voice
 
75.
A. shaking
B. nodding
C. shook
D./
 
Part V Translation (20 % )
 
Section A
Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so to identify their meanings in the context.
 
76. It may be said that we think with our muscles in somewhat the same way that we listen to music with our bodies. (Passage 1 )
77. The muscles of the body actually participate in the mental process of thinking in the same way, but this participation is less obvious because it is less noticeable. (Passage 1 )
78. The meanings of thousands of everyday perceptions, the bases for the decisions we make, and the roots of our habits and skills are to be found in our past experiences, which are brought into the present by memory. (Passage 2 )
79. Memory is involved when a rat gives up eating grain because he has sniffed something suspicious in the grain pile. (Passage 2 )
80. The first paper money looked more like a note from one person to another than paper money used today. ( Passage 3 )
 
Section B
Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.
 
81.對我來說,越早越好。
82.人的學習能力似乎是無限的。
83.約翰宣稱在他找到一份滿意工作之前絕不結婚。
84.一輛卡車駛進了積雪覆蓋的操場。
85.為已逝去的時光悲傷是沒用的。
 

選作題Ⅱ:

 
Part V Writing ( 15% )
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "The Important of Self-confidence". You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
 
1.凡事均應有信心;
2.自信心的重要性;
3.有了正確的態度,建立信心是可能的。
 

2015年湖南成人高等教育學士學位
英語模擬試題答案解析(三)
選作題I:

 
Part I Dialogue Communication
 
01-05:CCCDA       06-10:BCAAA        11-15:BACDA
 
Part I  Reading Comprehension
 
Passage l
 
1.D事實細節題。第一段第一句提到一些心理學家認為精神活動如思考不僅是大腦的活動,而且肌肉也參與其中,所以選D。
2.B  事實細節題。第一段最后一句提到我們用肌肉思考與用身體聽音樂在某種程度上是一樣的,所以選B。
3.A事實細節題。第二段中提到很少有人聽音樂時不扭動自己的身體,所以選A。
4.B推理判斷題。第三段第二句提到如果一個人不參與到音樂中,也就是音樂演奏中,那他就無法從音樂中獲得所有的樂趣。
5.C事實細節題。文章最后一句提到肌肉以同樣的方式參與了思考的過程,但并不是十分明顯,因為它不是很容易被注意到。distinct“明顯的,顯著的”,前綴in表示否定。indistinct “不明顯的,不顯著的”。
 
Passage 2
 
6.B事實細節題。根據文章第二段的第一句,記憶力就是儲存信息以供將來使用的能力。所以選B。A、C、D都是記憶力特點的一個方面,不能單獨解釋記憶力。
7.C推理判斷題。根據文章的第三段,一臺計算機存儲的“詞匯”能達到100,000個;而一個十幾歲的少年的詞匯量也能達到100,000個。然而,根據文章,100,000個單詞只是一個十幾歲的少年全部記憶存儲的一小部分。所以,計算機的“記憶”儲備量要比一個十幾歲的少年的記憶存儲量小得多。因為比較是在計算機和青少年之間進行的,與成年人無關,所以不能選B。
8.C推理判斷題。從文章第二段小老鼠的例子可判斷,動物也有記憶,也有一定解決問題的智力,所以C是對的。根據文章最后一段第一句提到的“高級智力advanced intelligence”可知動物也有智力,只是相比人類智力低而已,所以A說只有人類才有解決問題的智力是不準確的;D說動物解決問題靠本能而不靠智力也是不對的。而根據文章的第三段,計算機在存儲“詞匯”方面和一個十幾歲的少年是一樣的,所以B說計算機存儲和人腦記憶在各方面都不一樣是錯誤的。
9.B推理判斷題。in terms of“根據;按照;用…來說”。如果不知道該短語的意思,也可通過主語“一個人的大部分記憶”和“詞或詞組”之間的關系來判斷。本句的意思是一個人的大部分記憶都是靠詞和詞組表達出來的。
10.B歸納概括題。文章的主題要根據內容來確定。第一段講的是記憶的重要作用;第二段解釋記憶是什么及其表現;第三段講人類將記憶功能運用到機器如計算機當中,并將人的記憶與計算機記憶進行比較;第四段說大部分記憶都是通過詞匯表現的。四個選項當中只有B更貼近文章的主題,其他三個選項都只是文章涉及的一個方面,都不具有概括性。
 
Passage 3
 
11.D常識經驗題。只有D(工作換取錢)才是錢與服務的交換,其余三項全是錢與商品的交換。
12.D事實細節題。由于文章沒有提到貝殼最初是在哪里被用做貨幣的,所以選D。
13.A事實細節題。見文章第四段的二、三兩句,中國古代的銅錢有孔,主要是因為人們為了攜帶方便要將之串起來。所以選A。
14.C推理判斷題。由于金銀很重,如果要花很多錢買某件東西的話,攜帶起來會很不方便。
15.D歸納概括題。本文章的寫作脈絡很清晰:先由今天的錢(紙幣或硬幣)說起,引出世界上最早的錢(每個國家都有不同的物來充當貨幣),接著談到最早的硬幣,之后隨著錢的改進,出現了紙幣。最后作者總結錢的發展是一段有趣的歷史。可見文章的主要內容是講錢的發展歷史,所以選D。
 
Part  Vocabulary and Structure
 
16.B本題考查固定搭配。in the dark“在黑暗中”。旬意為:黑暗不會使貓煩惱的,因為它們在黑暗中能看見。
17.B本題考查固定搭配。in the l960s“在20世紀60年代”,如in the l890s“在19世紀90年代”,年份后面加s,表示幾世紀幾年代;late“晚期”,in the late of表示“在…的晚期”。句意為:地震發生在20世紀60年代的晚期。
18.A本題考查習慣用法。study+課程,表示“學…課程”,這時的課程無需加冠詞。如study Chinese,study English等。句意為:如果你想成為一名醫生,就應該學醫學。
19.B本題考查動詞短語。get/have a toothache“牙疼”,如9et/have a cold/headache“感冒/頭疼”。句意為:我今天牙疼得厲害。
20.C本題考查定語名詞的用法。two-thousand-dollar“兩千美元的”,是形容詞用來修飾bill。數詞+名詞做定語時,這個名詞一般保留單數形式,如“four—leg table”。句意為:你手里是什么?是一張兩千美元的鈔票。
21.A本題考查動詞短語。break out“(不愉快的事情)突然發生,爆發”;break up“打碎,拆散;結束”;intervene“(between)介入,插入;(in)干涉,干預”;happen“(偶然)發生; (to)碰巧”。句意為:戰爭爆發的時候,大多數人已經離開了。
22.C本題考查動詞短語。take part in“參加”;take place“發生”;take over"“接管”;take in “吸收;理解”。句意為:我爸爸被要求接管紐約辦公廳。
23.D本題考查修飾詞的用法。many,a great many和a large number of都是修飾可數名詞復數形式的;a great deal of修飾不可數名詞。work是不可數名詞,所以選D。句意為:為提高人們的生活水平已經做了很多工作了。
24.D本題考查動詞搭配。keep in“保持;隱瞞”;keep at“堅持,持續”;沒有keep as,keep for的用法。句意為:林肯認為讓黑人一直做奴隸是不對的。
25.A本題考查動詞短語。call off“取消;叫走”;call on“號召,呼吁;邀請;訪問”;call in “召集,召來;來訪”;call for“要求;提倡;為…叫喊”。句意為:霧變得越來越大導致調查取消了。
26.C本題考查動詞短語。take place“發生;舉行”;put into use“使用,利用”;come into use“開始被使用”;take action“采取行動”。句意為:經過幾次測試,這款新型機器將在不久的將來被投入使用。
27.A本題考查動詞搭配。head for trouble“自找麻煩”;make trouble“制造麻煩”;avoid“避免”;creat“創造”。句意為:如果你和這種人聯合,恐怕你是在自找麻煩。
28.B本題考查動詞用法。construct“建造(建筑物);創立(學說等)”;institute“創立,設立 (機構,團體等)”;confirm“證實,證明”;give up“放棄”。句意為:從那時起,一個由主要團體組成的健全的黨委會成立了。
29.A本題考查動詞用法。depart“離開”后接from意為“從…離開”,后接for意為“出發去…”;arrive“到達”,后接at/in;stop的用法是stop to d0/doing sth.;derail“使出軌”。句意為:火車將在星期二的早上3:45從第二站臺離開。
30.B本題考查動詞辨析。interested“感興趣的”;disinterested“無私的;公正的”;separated “分居的;不在一起生活的”;disconnected“無聯絡的;支離破裂的”。句意為:法官在權衡證據時一定要公正無私。
31.B本題考查名詞辨析。suburb“(城市周圍的)近郊住宅區;郊區”,通常用復數suburbs,側重指與市區相接或相鄰的居住區;garb“服裝,裝束”;outskirts“市郊;郊區”,通常指市區以外的地方。句意為:現在,人們都傾向于住在郊區。
32.C本題考查短語搭配。sb.be familiar with sth./sth.be familiar to sb.“對…熟悉”,其反義詞是unfamiliar“不熟悉”。句意為:我對這種工作不熟悉。
33.D本題考查習慣用法。face the facts“面對事實”。句意為:你必須面對事實,而不應該逃避。
34.D本題考查介詞短語。on holiday“在度假”。句意為:這周打我辦公室電話是沒用的,因為我出去度假了。
35.B本題考查介詞短語。in advance“預先,提前”。句意為:沒有理由你要提前告訴他們你將離開。
36.A本題考查動詞辨析。slip“滑動,滑倒,失足”;slop“溢出,濺溢”;split“劈開,分裂”;spilt“溢出,涌流”,是spill的過去分詞形式。句意為:她滑倒了,從樓梯頂摔到了下面。
37.A本題考查介詞短語。as usual“像往常一樣”。句意為:他像往常一樣來得晚。
38.A本題考查介詞用法。in addition to“除…之外(還)”;beside“在旁邊”;0ff“從…離開”;沒有at addition with這個短語。句意為:除了你上面提到的理由外,你還有其他的理由嗎?
39.C本題考查動詞辨析。happen to“發生(碰巧,正巧,偶然)”;enter“進入,參加,登錄,開始”;0ccur to“在…心里出現;想起”;take place“發生”。句意為:我不知道該做什么,但過了一會兒腦中突然出現了一個想法。
40.A本題考查動詞搭配。frighten sb.into doing sth.“嚇唬某人做某事”。句意為:這條狗把小女孩嚇哭了。
41.D本題考查名詞用法。這里是woman(n.)做定語修飾boxer。句意為:你們國家曾經有女拳擊手嗎?
42.D本題考查數量詞用法。a loaf of“一片”。that is on the top shelf修飾bread,所以用the loaf of。句意為:我能吃放在架子上的面包嗎?
43.B本題考查形容詞用法。the+形容詞(原形),表示一類人。句意為:在許多國家,富人變得越來越富。
44.D本題考查名詞用法。work做“工作,作業”講時,是不可數名詞;做“著作,作品”講時,是可數名詞。句意為:玩耍通常比工作快樂得多。
45.C本題考查介詞短語。in fashion“流行”。句意為:迷你裙很流行。
 
Part   Identitication
 
46.A搭配錯誤,應改為in which。相當于in this respect。
47.B倒裝結構錯誤,應改為had he。否定詞never前置后面接倒裝結構。
48.C修飾錯誤,應改成a。在沒有比較的情況下,用最高級是不合適的,經過改動,a most beautiful表示非常漂亮。
49.A重復錯誤,應改為what happens。no matter what=whatever。
50.B短語用法錯誤,應把of去掉。be proud of是固定搭配。有兩種句型:be proud of+名詞/代詞,be proud+that從句。
51.B動詞形式錯誤,應改為seen。had+動詞的過去分詞,是動詞的過去完成時形式。
52.D重復錯誤,應把because去掉。前面why已經是表示原因了。The reason why…is是固定句型,表示“做…的原因是”。
53.C連詞用法錯誤,應改為but。but表示轉折,而and是表示并列。
54.D形容詞用法錯誤,應改為honest。honest是形容詞修飾worker(n.),honestly是副詞不能用來修飾名詞。
55.C時態錯誤,應改為called。call的動作和discuss是發生在同一個時間段,而不是在此之前,因此不能用過去完成時。
 
Part   Cloze
 
56.B puzzled(adj.)“迷惑的,迷茫的”,主語應是人,would后跟動詞原形,因此需接be;puzzling(adj.)“使人迷惑的、引起迷茫的”,主語應是物。因此選be puzzled。
57.B表示不確定,用冠詞a/an,India是以元音音素開頭的,因此選an。
58.A整篇文章用的過去式,因此A正確。D“必須”放到原文,語氣太肯定;B和C均不符題意。
59.D what相當于something that,可以引導主語從句、賓語從句、表語從句等。該句相當于…the things that they said。
60.C on the contrary表示對比,從前一句推出,此句應表達一種肯定的語氣。因此可以先排除B和D。express“表達,表述”,后面應跟名詞做賓語,因此選agreement。
61.D該段是在講述常識,應用一般現在時,同時主語是復數,因此選have。
62.B their“他們的”,后面應跟復數名詞,因此選heads。
63.B anybody“任何人”,用于否定和疑問句;somebody“某人”,表示不確指,一般用肯定句;no-body“沒有一個人”;everybody“每一個人”。綜合上下文,B正確,表示“和某人談話”。
64.A but表示轉折。從前句“No”推出后句應填“Yes”。
65.A根據上下文,該句意為:如果某人對此習俗不了解的話,就可能產生誤解。speak常跟語言(如English,Chinese)等搭配使用;say后面跟具體的講話內容;talk指“談話”。
66.A diplomat to+地方名,表示“被派到該地方的外交官”。
67.C tell sb.to do sth.表示“告訴某人做某事”,to后面需用動詞原形。
68.D該段時態為一般過去式,下文The young diplomat repeated…說明外交官和司機之間產生了誤會。由此推出shook是正確的。
69.B request“請求,要求”;answer“答案”;question“問題”;difficulty“難題,困難”。
70.B shake one’s head意為“搖頭”。
71.A根據上下文推出此處應填diplomat。
72.C drive sb.to somewhere意為“開車送某人到某處”。
73.C表示確指概念時,名詞前需用定冠詞the修飾。
74.D in a loud/low voice意為“大聲地/小聲地說話”。
75.A司機回答的是“Yes,sir”。那么根據文章所介紹的印度習俗,他應該是搖頭的動作,因此只有A正確。
 
Part V Translation
 
Section A
 
76.可以說我們用肌肉思考與用身體聽音樂在某種程度上是一樣的。
77.肌肉以同樣的方式參與了思考的過程,但并不是十分明顯,因為它不是很容易被注意到。
78.許多日常感知力的意義,我們做出決定的依據及我們習慣和技能的根源都可以在我們過去的經歷中找到。而所有的這些都是由記憶產生的。
79.當一只老鼠在糧食堆里嗅到可疑的味道時,它就會放棄吃,此時就是記憶在發揮作用。
80.第一張人與人之間交流所使用的紙幣和今天的相比,看起來更像一張便條。
 
Section B
 
81. As far as I am concerned, the sooner, the better.
82. It seems that man' s learning capacity is unlimited.
83. John claimed that he wouldn' t man~y until he found a good job.
84. A truck pulled into the snow-covered playground.
85. It' s no use grieving over past time.
 
選作題Ⅱ:
 
Part V  Writing
            
The Importance of Self-confidence
 
Self-confidence is very important to our life. As a wise man once said, "If you have no confi-dence in yourself, you are twice defeated in the race of life. With confidence, you have won even before you have started. "
 
If you are full of self-confidence, your creativeness, your enthusiasm will all be aroused, and  you will overcome difficulties. As a result, your dreams will come true. On the contrary, if you  have no confidence in yourself, there is little possibility that you would ever achieve anything. Failure will be following you. But self-confidence comes only when you know yourself. You should know both your weaknesses and strengths. Only after this can you be well in doing great things.
 
Try something you' ve never done before. Just taking on a challenge, whether you succeed or not, can increase your confidence. In a word, self-confidence is greatly important to our success.
 
 

2015年11月湖南成人教育學位英語模擬試題和答案解析(三):免費下載(word文檔)



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