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2015年11月湖南成人教育學位英語【模擬】試題和答案解析(二)
發布時間:2015年09月20日 來源:湖南大學自考辦

2015年湖南成人高等教育學士學位
英語模擬試題和答案解析(二)
【答案在最后】

 
Part I  Dialogue Communication ( 15 % )
Directions: In this section, you will read 15 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue by marking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
1. Waiter: Welcome, sir. May I help you?
Customer: 
A. Thank you. I have eaten a lot of food.
B. Yes, please. 1' d like a hamburger and a cup of coffee.
C. Sorry. I don' t need your help, thank you.
D. If you want to help me, I' 11 be glad to accept it.
 
2. W : How did your interview go?
M: 
A. A manager interviewed me.
B. I couldn' t feel better about it ! The questions were very fair, and I seemed to find answers for all of them.
C. I was fully confident that I answered all the questions to the needs of the interviewer.
D. I answered all the questions of the interviewer to his satisfaction. But he may discriminate against me.
 
3. Speaker A: It' s wonderful to hear that your book has been published.
Speaker B : 
A. Oh, it' s nothing special.
B. It' s OK.
C. I' m glad to hear you flatter.
D. No. Not a big deal for that.
 
4.W:How annoying! I can' t figure out a solution to this problem. Can you help me?
M: 
A. Why don' t you do it yourself?
B. OK. Though it' s beyond me, let me try.
C. You  shouldn' t feel annoyed. After all, it' s your own problem.
D. Well, I' m afraid I can' t at the moment.
 
5.Speaker A: I was hoping to get some bread from the bakery before it closes.
Speaker B. 
A. You' d better be quick. It will close at 7: 00.
B. My watch says 6: 50, I' m afraid you' 11 be late. But don' t be frustrated.
C. I don' t know when it closes.
D. I' ve never been to that bakery.
 
6. Tom: I see in the paper they' re sending more equipment to space. And we might have to live there someday.
John.  ! I' m staying right here !
A. Never I 
B. Not me
C. No me
D. None me
 
7. Goodbye ! 
A. I am looking forward to seeing you again.
B. Take care.
C. It' s such a short time meeting, please do not go.
D. Pay me another visit soon.
 
8. Speaker A: Would you like another piece of apple pie ( 蘋果派)?
Speaker B : 
A. Don' t push me. I' ve hardly eaten on.
B. Come on. I can' t manage it.
C. No kidding. I can' t eat any more.
D. No, thanks. I' m on a diet.
 
9. Mike: Can I get you a cup of coffee?
Tom: 
A. I don' t take sugar, thank you.
B. That' s very nice of you.
C. You can, please.
D. Thank you for the coffee.
 
10. Speaker A: Do you happen to know what's on after the news?
Speaker B. 
A. There is no important news after that.
B. I' m not interested in the programs.
C. It' s a documentary about animals.
D. I hope to watch a movie after that.
 
11. Speaker A: There seems to be something wrong with the air-conditioner in our apartment.
 Speaker B : 
 A. I' m awfully sorry for that. I' ll see to it fight away.
 B. I do beg your pardon for the inconvenience.
 C. I just don' t know how to apologize for it.
 D. It' s not my fault. I feel sorry for it.
 
12. W: I do hope Peter do well in his studies this semester.
 M: 
 A. Yes. I hope so.
 B. Yes. Dear. But I am afraid the school is not nice enough.
 C. Neither do I. I don' t think his words would be as good as gold.
 D. Yes. Although we believe our son is honest, he may not work hard enough as he says.
 
13. M: That' s a beautiful dress you have on!
 W: 
 A. Actually, I don' t like it very much.
 B. Oh, thank you. I just got it yesterday.
 C. Yes, I think so.
 D. No, it' s not that beautiful. Yours is better.
 
14. Speaker A: If you like, I could help you paint (刷油漆) the room tomorrow.
 Speaker B. 
 A. You don' t have to give me a hand.
 B. That would be too much bother, but thanks anyway.
 C. I' m OK. You shouldn' t worry about that.
 D. Unfortunately I feel unable to accept your offer.
 
15. W: The experiment has been completed, hasn't it?
 M: 
 A. Yes. We need another week to complete it.
 B. Yes. It has been completed beautifully.
 C. No. It was completed last week.
 D. No. I have no idea about it.
 
Part I  Reading Comprehension (30%)
Directions : There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
Passage 1
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage :
 
Washington Irving was America' s first man of letters to be known internationally. His works were received enthusiastically both in England and in the United States. He was, in fact, one of the most successful writers of his time in the country, and at the same time winning the admiration of fellow writers like Scott in Britain and Poe and Hawthorne in the United States.
 
(76) The respect in which he was held partly owing to the man himself, with his warm friendliness, his good sense, his urbanity, his gay spirits, his artistic integrity, his love of both the Old World and the New.
 
Thackeray described Irving as "a gentleman, who, though himself born in no very high sphere,was most finished, polished, witty ; socially the equal of the most refined Europeans. " ( 77 ) InEngland he was granted an honorary degree from Oxford--an unusual honor for a citizen of ayoung, uncultured nation--and he received the medal of the Royal Society of Literature. Americamade him ambassador to Spain.
 
Irving' s background provides little to explain his literary achievements. A gifted but delicate child, he had little schooling. He studied law, but without zeal, and never did practice seriously.
 
He was immune to his strict Presbyterian home environment, frequenting both social gatherings and the theater.
 
1.The main point of the first paragraph is that Washington Irving was
A. America' s first man of letters
B. a writer who had great success both in and outside his own country
C. a man who was able to move from literature to politics
D. a man whose personal charm enabled him to get by with basically inferior work
 
2.What is implied by the mention of Scott, Poe and Hawthorne?
A.Irving enjoyed great popular admiration.
B.Scott. Poe and Hawthorne were primarily responsible for Irving' s success.
C.Irving' s work was not only popular, but also of high literary quality.
D.More Americans than Britons admired Irving.
 
3.Which of the following best describes the effect of Irving' s Presbyterian background on his life?
A. It fostered his love for the theater.
B. It developed his skill in business.
C. It prompted his interest in law.
D. It had almost no effect on his life.
 
4. Which of the following best describes the effect of Irving' s personal qualities on his literary success?
  A. His personal qualities were entirely responsible for his literary success.
  B. His personal qualities were primarily responsible for his literary success.
  C. His personal qualities had some effects on his literary success.
  D. His personal qualities had no effects on his literary success.
 
5. Why might Irving' s literary ability have been surprising to the English?
  A. They feared competition from American writers.
  B. They did not expect the United States to produce good writers.
  C. They disapproved of the language American writers used.
  D. They thought of the United States as a purely commercial power.
 
Passage 2
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
 
Traditionally, universities have carried out two main activities: research and teaching.
 
Many experts would argue that both these activities play a critical role in serving the community. The fundamental question, however, is how does the community want or need to be served?
 
In recent years universities have been coming under increasing pressure from both the governments and the public to ensure that they do not remain "ivory towers (象牙塔)" of study separated from the realities of everyday life. University teachers have been encouraged, and in some cases constrained (強迫), to provide more courses which produce graduates with the technical skills required for the commercial use. (78) If Aristotle wanted to work in a university in the UK today, he would have a good chance of teaching computer science but would not be so readily employable as a philosopher.
 
A post-industrial society requires large numbers of computer programmers, engineers, managers and technicians to maintain and develop its economic growth but "man", as the Bible says, "does not live by bread alone. " (79) Apart from requiring medical and social services, which do not directly contribute to economic growth, the society should also value and enjoy literature, music and the arts. Because they can also promote economic growth. A successful musical play, for instance, can contribute as much to the Gross National Product through tourist dollars as any other things.
 
6. The main idea of the first paragraph is that 
A.traditional universities do a good job serving the society
B.universities must meet the needs of the society
C.research and teaching are of great importance in universities
D.universities play an important role in our society
 
7.We can infer from the second paragraph that 
A.the society is not satisfied with the present college education
B.the governments interfere too much with college education
C.teacher are forced to do what they don’t like to do
D.teachers dislike teaching commercially useful courses
 
8.The Aristotle example is used to make the point that 
A.universities in the UK have produced too much good for graduates
B.such abstract subjects as philosophy is no longer useful
C.education should serve the social needs
D.it is advisable for today’s philosophers to know computer science
 
9.According to the passage,literature,music and the arts 
A.do not contribute to economic growth at all
B.are less useful to the society because they do not make direct contribution to economic growth
C.are similar to medical and social services in their way of promoting economic growth
D.should develop only when they are good for economic growth
 
10.The author believes that 
A.art is useful only when it is made into a money earner
B.the promotion of economic growth is the only goal of today’s society
C.universities should not provide literature or art courses
D.the society needs both technical skills and arts
 
Passage 3
Questions 11to 1 5 are based on the following passage
 
All the useful energy at the surface of the earth comes from the activity of the sun'.
 
The sun heats and feeds creatures and mankind.Each year it provides men with two hundred million tons of grain and nearly ten million tons of wood,coal,oil,natural gas,and all other fuels are stored energy from the sun.
 
(80)Some was collected by this season's plants as carbon compoundsSome
was stored by plants and trees ages ago
 
Even waterpower derives from the sun.Water turned into vapor by the sun fails as rain.It courses down the mountains arid is converted to electric power.
 
Light transmits only the energy that comes from the sun’s outer layer,and much of this energy that is directed towards the earth never arrives.About nine tenths of it is absorbed by the atmosphere of the earth.In fact,the earth itself gets only one half millionth of the sun’s entire output of radiant energy.
 
11.The sun is the source of all of the following EXCEPT 
A.gasoline
B.natural gas
C.atomic power
D.animal fat
 
12.Radiant energy is stored as carbon compounds by
A.plants
B.water
C.rock
D.creatures
 
13.The sun’s energy provides US with all EXCEPT
A.rain
B.teal 
C.water
D.light
 
14.The largest part of the light energy directed towards the earth is
A.stored up by the plants
B.absorbed by the earth’s atmosphere
C.stored up by the animals in the form of body fat
D.used for electric power
 
15.Of me sun’s total output of radiant energy,the earth receives
A.one tenth
B.one millionth
C.all that comes from the surface of the sun
D.a very small portion
 
Part   Vocabulary and Structure(30)
DirectionsIn this part there are 30 incomplete sentencesFor each sentence there are your choices marked ABC and DChoose the ONE answer that best completes the sentenceThen mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center·
 
16.You can’t hear what I’m sayingyou stop talking
A.only if
B.unless
C.lest
D. except that
 
17.He working fill he was seventy years old
A.kept up.
B.kept on
C.kept to
D. kept out
 
18.The novel ended happily,and the young couple was married
A.in the final
B.in the end
C.to the last
D.in conclusion
 
19.One warning wasto stop her doing it
A.suffered
B.sufficed
C.suggested
D.provided
 
20.It is estimated that the diseaseby polluted water will kill l out of every l00 children
A.causing
B.caused
C.to cause
D.will cause
 
21.He didn’t know l was in his office.He was too busy tome
A.pay attention to
B.notice
C.know
D.realize
22.Will you show me the girlname is Jane7
A.her
B.who’s
C.whose
D.which
 
23.The old gentleman never fails to helpis in need of his help.
A.who 
B.whoever
C. one
D. whomever
 
24.Mr.Holmes called at many schoolshe lived to ask them to accept his son,but he was  refused everywhere for being a black.
A.that
B.around where
C.near which
D.which
 
25.My wallet is nowhere to be found.Iwhen l was on the bus
A.must drop it
B.should have dropped it
C.must have dropped it
D.had dropped it
 
26.I could have done it better if Imore time.
A.have had
B.had
C.had  had
D.will have had
 
 27.  ,we should be glad
A.They arrive tomorrow
B.Were they arriving tomorrow
C.They were to arrive tomorrow
D.Were they to arrive tomorrow
 
28.I knew I could not finish my homework 
A.by he had come
B.until he came
C.when he comes
D.before he comes
 
29.It is notthat this situation will last very lon9.
A.alike
B.the like
C.like
D.likely
 
30.I on seeing the manager.The service in this hotel is terrible
A.insist
B.persist
C.affirm
D.protest
 
31.Experienced teachers make mistakes than beginners.
A.lesser
B.fewer
C.not many
D.very few
 
32.I prefer this book that one.
A.more than
B.to
C.than
D.rather than
 
 33.Do you know who fire to that Department Store?
A.made
B.set
C.started
D.caught
 
34.All life on the earth on the sun.
A. depends
B. carries 
C. keeps
D. goes
 
35. I can' t keep  the teacher who speaks so fast.
A. up 
B. up with 
C. with 
D. on with
 
36. What the teacher said had a great  on his later career.
A. effort
B. influence
C. result 
D. expression
 
37. Tom was such a football fan that he never  a single game in the season.
A. lost 
B. missed
C. failed
D. dropped
 
38. Are you interested  tennis?
A. in playing
B. for playing
C. on playing
D. to play
 
39. There were 30 students and of them passed the exam.
A. every 
B. every one
C. everyone
D. everybody
 
40. the places I' ve been to, I enjoyed the restaurant here the most.
A. From all
B. All of
C. of all 
D. All
 
41. The quality of this kind of computer is to that of imported computers,
A, worse
B. inferior
C. indifferent 
D. much better
 
42. I wish I could speak French  as John.
A, as good 
B. as better
C. as well
D. as best
 
43.  speaking, I think writing is rather boring.
A. Honest
B. Honestly
C. Very
D. Really
 
44. If you don' t go, I shall not
A. either
B.  too 
C. also 
D. yet
 
45. My brother is now working  he did last year.
A. much harder than
B. more harder than
C. more than 
D. much than
 
Part   Identification ( 10 % )
Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter oa the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

 2015年11月湖南成人教育學位英語模式試題和答案(二)第46-54題
55題
 
Part   Cloze ( 10 % )
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A,B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
  When we want to  56other people what we think, we can do it not only with the help of words, but also in many  57ways. For example, we sometimes move our heads  58  when we want to say "yes", and we move our heads  59when we want to. say "no" .
  People who can  60hear  60speak talk to each other with the help of their fingers. People who do not understand each other' s language have to do the same. The following story
shows  61they sometimes do it.
  62English man who could not speak Italian was  63travelling in Italy. One day he entered a restaurant and sat64  a table. When the waiter came, the Englishman opened his mouth,65his fingers into it,  66  them out again and moved his lip. In this way he meant to say, "  67  me something to eat. "The waiter soon brought him  68  tea. The Englishman69  his head and the waiter understood that he didn' t want tea, so he took it70and brought him  71  coffee. The Englishman was angry. He was just going to leave the restaurant72  another traveller came in. When this man saw the waiter, he  73  his hands on his stomach. That was enough. In a  74  minutes there was a large plate of bread and meat  75  his table.
56.
A. say
B. speak
C. tell 
D. talk
 
57.
A. anything
B. another 
C. other
D. others
 
58.
A. now and then
B. over and over
C. up and down
D. here and there
 
59.
A. from mouth to mouth
B. from door to door
C. from the masses to the masses
D. from side to side
 
60.
A. not only...but also
B. as well...as
C. either...or
D. neither...nor
 
61.
A. how 
B. why
C. what
D. which
 
62.
A. The 
B. An
C. A
D. Any
 
63.
A. ever 
B. never
C. before 
D once
 
64.
A. in
B. at 
C. on
D. upon
 
65.
A. laid
B. played 
C. put 
D. stayed
 
66.
A. took 
B. put 
C. brought
D. carded
 
67.
A. bring
B. took
C. fetched 
D. carded
 
68.
A. a piece 
B. a packet of 
C. a cup of 
D. a box of
 
69.
A. shook
B. nodded 
C. bent
D. showed
 
70.
A. back 
B. away
C. out 
D. along
 
71.
A. any 
B. some
C. little
D. few
 
72,
A. when
B. where 
C. why
D. how
 
73.
A. stood
B. sat 
C. put 
D. placed
 
74.
A. a few
B. few 
C. little
D. a little
 
75.
A. at
B. over
C. under
D. on
 
Part V  Translation (20%)
 
Section A
Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so to identify their meanings in the context.
 
76. The respect in which he was held partly owing to the man himself, with his warm friendliness, his good sense, his urbanity, his gay spirits, his artistic integrity, his love of both the old  World and the New. (Passage 1 )
77. In England he was granted an honorary degree from Oxford--an unusual honor for a citizen of  a young, uncultured nation--and he received the medal of the Royal Society of Literature.( Passage 1 )
78. If Aristotle wanted to work in a university in the UK today, he would have a good chance of
teaching computer science but would not be so readily employable as a philosopher. (Passage 2)
79. Apart from requiring medical and social services, which do not directly contribute to economic growth, the society should also value and enjoy literature, music and the arts. (Passage 2)
80. Some was collected by this season' s plants as carbon compounds. Some was stored by plants and trees ages ago. (Passage 3 )
 
Section B
Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.
 
81.這位古希臘哲學家似乎能用簡單的文字表達復雜的思想。
82.據說有些單親家庭的孩子生活很悲慘。
83.如果你有空的話,請來參加我們的討論會。
84.警察已著手對這個案子進行細致、全面的調查。
85.我若是校長的話,我一定會給學生減負。
 
Part V  Writing, ( 15 % )
 
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "My Ideal Job". You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below :
1.人們對職業各有不同的理想;
2.我理想的職業是什么;
3.我怎樣為我理想的職業做準備。
 

2015年湖南成人高等教育學士學位
英語模擬試題答案解析(二)

 
Part I Dialogue Communication
 
01-05:BBADA        06-10:BBDBC
11-15:AABBB
 
Part II  Reading Comprehension
 
Passage l
 
1.B推理判斷題。第一段第一句即中心句,概括了這一段的大意,即華盛頓·歐文是第一在國際上享有盛譽的美國文人,也就是說他不僅在自己的國家,而且在國外也獲得巨大的成功,B與此最相符。段末提到了C,但也是為了說明他的成功,包括在B中。.A表述不恰當;D文中沒有提及。
2.C句意理解題。這句提到的Scott,Poe和Hawthorne都是當時英國和美國最有名的作家,歐文的作品受到了他們的稱贊,可以證明其作品具有很高的文學藝術性。所以選C。
3.D事實細節題。文中最后一句話提到,嚴謹的基督教長老會的生活環境對他沒有任何影響,他經常會光顧社交聚會和劇院。所以選D。
4.C事實細節題。第一段第四句中提到,他所受的尊重部分因為他本身的個性,如友好、文雅、快樂、藝術的正直性等,即他的個性對他文學道路上的成功有一定影響。所以選C。
5.B推理判斷題。第一段倒數第二句提到a young,uncultured nation是指當時的美國,可見當時的美國在英國人和歐洲人眼中是個年輕而又落后的國家,所以英國人沒有料到在美國會出現如此優秀的作家。
 
Passage 2
 
6.B推理判斷題。第一段提到研究和教學這兩個大學里的主要活動為服務社會起關鍵作用,其實就是說,大學應該適應社會的需要。因此答案為B。
7.A推理判斷題。第二段是說政府和社會對現在的大學教育不是很滿意,因為大學成為脫離社會的“象牙塔”,為此老師們正在采取一些改變的措施;B、C、D都是對文中意思的錯誤理解,所以選A。
8.B推理判斷題。我們知道亞里士多德是著名的哲學家,他注重教授理論知識,而現在的大學教育注重教授實用性的技能,像哲學這種抽象、純理論的學科不再有用了。所以選B。9.C事實細節題。最后一段提到,除了需要醫療和社會服務,社會還需要重視和欣賞文學、音樂和藝術,它們都是間接為經濟增長做出貢獻的。
10.D推理判斷題。文中第二段講述實用性技能的重要性,第三段講述此外社會還需要醫療、社會服務、文學藝術等,所以它們都是社會不可或缺的,因此選D。
 
Passage 3
 
11.C事實細節題。文章前半部分提到地球上所有的能量來源都離不開太陽,比如地球上的一切動植物,人類,樹木,煤礦,石油,天然氣,其他燃料等,但是沒有提到C“原子能”,所以選C。
12.A事實細節題。文中第四旬提到,太陽能作為碳的化合物儲存在植物體內,所以選A。
13.B事實細節題。文中后半部分提到水能、雨水和光都是來自于太陽能。沒有提到B“水鴨”,因此答案為B。
14.B事實細節題。文中倒數第二句提到約有十分之九的太陽光被地球的大氣層吸收了,真正到達的很少。
15.D事實細節題。文中最后一句說,事實上,地球只接收了太陽所有輻射能量的百萬分之零點五,所以是相當小的一個比例。
 
Part   Vocabulary and Structure
 
16.B  本題考查條件狀語從句關聯詞的用法。lest“以免”引導目的狀語從句,可以先排除。only if和except that雖然引導條件狀語從句,但是必須放置句首。所以只能選A。句意為:你聽不見我說什么,除非你停止說話。
17.B本題考查動詞短語。keep on doing“繼續”;keep up“保持”;keep to“遵循”;keep out “使在外面”。句意為:他一直工作到70歲。
18.B本題考查固定搭配。in the end“最后”,相當于finally,at last;in conclusion“總之”,一般用于結束語。句意為:這部小說結尾很愉快,這對年輕人最后結婚了。
19.D本題考查動詞辨析。provide“供給,預防,防備”;suffer“遭受”;suffice“足夠,滿足…的需要”;suggest“建議”。句意為:一個警告阻止了她做這件事。
20.B本題考查動詞形式。根據句意,應該是由污染水引起的疾病,因此應該用過去分詞caused,表被動。句意為:據估計,每100個孩子中就有1個死于由水污染引發的疾病。
21.B本題考查動詞辨析。notice“注意到”;pay attention to“注意”,是指集中精力注意某事;know“認識”;realize“認識到”。句意為:他不知道我在他的辦公室里。他太忙了,以至于沒注意到我。
22.C  本題考查定語從句引導詞用法。引導詞在定語從句中做定語,所以該用whose。句意為:你能指給我看名叫Jane的女孩嗎?
23.B本題考查賓語從句引導詞的用法。one不能引導賓語從句;引導詞在這個賓語從句中做主語,所以排除whomever;空缺處沒有明確的指代關系,所以who排除。只能選B。句意為:這位年老的紳士從來不會不幫助任何需要他幫助的人。
24.C本題考查定語從句用法。這里是說他拜訪他住處附近的學校,因此用near which,which指代學校。句意為:Holmes先生去他住處附近的許多學校要求他們接收自己的兒子,但是都因為是黑人而被拒絕了。
25.C本題考查情態動詞用法。根據句意,我推斷我肯定是把錢包掉車上了。A、D沒有推斷的意思;B是指“本應該做某事”;C是指“一定…”。所以選C。句意為:我的錢包哪兒都找不到,我肯定是坐公交車時掉了。
26.C本題考查虛擬語氣用法。表示過去時的虛擬語氣,從句應用過去完成時,即had done。句意為:如果我有更多的時問我可以做得更好。
27.D本題考查虛擬語氣用法。表示將來時的虛擬語氣,從句助動詞用were to/should。如果if省去,從句需用倒裝。句意為:如果他們明天到了我們將很高興。
28.B本題考查固定搭配。not…until“直到…才”。句意為:我知道直到他來我才能完成作業。
29.D本題考查詞義辨析。be likely that…“可能…”;alike“相同的,相似的”;like“喜歡”。句意為:這種情況不可能持續太久。
30.A本題考查固定搭配。insist on“堅持,堅決要求”;persist in“堅持,固執于”;affirm“斷言,確認,肯定”;protest against“抗議,反對,對…表示不滿”。句意為:我堅持要見經理,因為賓館的服務太糟了。
31.B本題考查形容詞比較級。這句話是將兩者相互比較,應用比較級,所以C、D都不對;而mistakes是可數名詞,因此答案為B。A是修飾不可數名詞的。句意為:有經驗的教師比初學者犯的錯誤要少。
32.B本題考查固定搭配。prefer…to…“與…相比更喜歡…”。句意為:與那本書相比我更喜歡這本書。
33.B本題考查動詞短語。set fire“縱火,放火”;catch fire“(自行)著火”。句意為:你知道是誰給那家百貨公司放火的嗎?
34.A本題考查動詞短語。depend on“依靠”;carry on“繼續開展,堅持”;keep on“繼續”;go on“繼續”。句意為:地球上所有的生命都離不開太陽。
35.B本題考查動詞短語。keep up with“跟上”;keep up“維持,繼續”;keep on with“繼續 (做某事)”。句意為:我跟不上那位老師,因為他說得太快了。
36.B本題考查固定搭配。have an influence on…“對…有影響”。句意為:老師說的話對他日后的事業有很大的影響。
37.B本題考查動詞辨析。miss“錯過”,最符合題意;lose“丟失(某物)”;fail后跟不定式;drop“落下”。句意為:湯姆是個足球迷,他從不會錯過這個賽季的任何一場球賽。
38.A本題考查固定搭配。be interested in doing sth.“對做…感興趣”。句意為:你對打網球感興趣嗎?
39.B  本題考查不定代詞。everyone和everybody側重于整體而言,every one側重于個人,指“每一個人”;every后必須接名詞。句意為:一共有30個學生,每個人都通過了這場考試。
40.C本題考查不定代詞用法辨析。of all是指所有的事物范圍之內,一般做狀語;all of指一個事物的所有,一般做主語或賓語;all也做主語或賓語;from all“從所有…中”。句意為:所有我去過的地方中,我最喜歡這里的餐館。
41.B本題考查固定搭配。be inferior to“次于,劣于”。句意為:這種電腦的質量要次于進口電腦。
42.C本題考查比較用法。這是同級比較,因此不能用比較級和最高級,排除B、D。修飾動詞speak必須用副詞,所以只能選C。句意為:我希望我的法語說得和約翰一樣好。
43.B本題考查副詞用法。very和really一般修飾形容詞,且意思不符,honest是形容詞。speak是動詞,須用副詞修飾,所以選B。句意為:說實話,我覺得寫作很枯燥。
44.A本題考查副詞辨析。either放在否定句句末,表示“也(不)”;too只能放在肯定句末;al-so放在句中;yet“還”,與句意不符。句意為:如果你不去,我也不去。
45.A本題考查副詞比較級用法。這句話是說工作更努力,因此應用hard的比較級harder,可以排除c、D。much可以用來修飾比較級,表示“…的多”。句意為:我弟弟現在工作比去年要努力得多了。
 
Part   Identification
 
46.B搭配錯誤,應改為understood。make oneself understood“使某人被人理解,使某人的意思被懂”。
47.C動詞形式錯誤,應改為to make。此處是用不定式做目的狀語。
48.A  引導詞錯誤,應改為whatever。whatever在這引導條件狀語從句,相當于no matter what;what沒有此用法。
49.D副詞用法錯誤,應改為either。too只能放在肯定句句末,either放在否定句句末。
50.A介詞用法錯誤,應改為At the beginning。at the beginning“在開始時”,是固定搭配。
51.B名詞單復數用法錯誤,應加a。thing是可數名詞,所以要在它前面加上a。
52.B句型錯誤,應改為returning。remember to do表示“記住要做某事”;remember doing表示“記得做過某事”。這里出現了時間狀語last Wednesday,說明return這個動作已經發生過了,因此用現在分詞形式。
53.D主謂一致錯誤,應改為it is moving。因為主句的主語是passengers,而moving的主語是bus,所以不能省略。
54.B代詞錯誤,應改為it。因為前面的主語是a knowledge,是單數,因此后面用it來指代它。
55.B詞性錯誤,應改為importance。介詞of后面應接名詞或動名詞或與名詞類似的詞,而不能接形容詞。
 
Part   Cloze
 
56.C tell sb.sth.“告訴某人某事”。say后面接說的話;speak接語言,如speak English/Chi-nese;talk(with/to)“談論”。因此答案為C。
57.C other“其他的”;another“又一個,再一個”;anything,others是代詞,因此答案為C。
58.C up and down“上下地”;now and then“偶爾”;over and over“反復,再三”;here and there“各處,到處”;點頭表示“yes”,因此答案為C。
59.D from side to side“從一端到另一端”,這里是說當我們說“不”時,頭左右搖晃。
60.D這句話是說,聽不見也不能說的人們借助于他們的手來與人交談,neither…or…“既不…也不…”,符合題意。
61.A這句話是說下面的故事告訴了他們怎么用手來與人交談,因此用how。
62.B修飾第一次出現的名詞,又因為English是元音開頭,因此用冠詞an。
63.D once“曾經”;ever,never一般用在完成時中;before一般放在句末。因此選D。
64.B sit at a table是固定搭配,“坐在桌旁”。
65.C put sth.into“把某物放入”。
66.A take sth.out“把某物取出”。
67.A brin9“帶來,拿來”,符合題意。take“拿走”;fetch“(去)拿來,請來,找來”;carry“攜帶”它們都是過去式,不合題意。
68.C a cup of tea“一杯茶”。
69.A shake one’s head“搖頭”。
70.B take sth.away“把某物拿走”。
71.B some coffee“一些咖啡”;little,few都是少得幾乎沒有的意思,且few修飾可數名詞;any用于否定句。
72.A when在這里引導時間狀語從句,這句話是說“他正準備離開餐館時有一個旅行者進來了”。
73.C put sth.on“把…放在上面”。
74.B minutes是可數名詞,因此用a few;little和a little修飾不可數名詞。
75.D on the table“在桌上”。根據常識,食物是放在桌上。
 
Part V Translation
 
Section A
 
76.他受到的尊重部分歸功于他這個人本身,歸功于他的熱情友好、他的良好的判斷力、他的文雅、他的快樂、他的藝術整體性以及他對新舊兩個世界同等的熱愛。
77.在英國他被牛津大學授予榮譽學位,這對于一個年輕的落后的國家的公民來說是個不尋常的榮譽,并且他還榮獲了皇家文學院的獎章。
78.如果亞里士多德想在今天的英國大學里工作,他很有可能會教計算機,而不是很樂意去當哲學家。
79.除了需要醫療和社會服務(它們都是間接為經濟增長做出貢獻的)外,社會也應該重視和欣賞文學、音樂和藝術。
80.一些太陽能以碳化合物的形式被植物收集,而一些則儲存在植物和樹體內許多年。
 
Section B
 
81. This philosopher of ancient Greece seemed to be able to put complicated thoughts into simple words.
82. It is said that in some single-parent families children live a miserable life.
83. If you are free, please come to participate our discussion.
84. The police have taken a detailed and comprehensive investigation into the case.
85. If I were headmaster, I surely would reduce the students' learning load.
 
Part V  Writing
 
My Ideal Job
 
  People with different personalities, backgrounds and interests will have different opinions on what an ideal job is. To choose an ideal job and prepare for it is a long way for everybody.
 
  For me, my ideal job position would be in arts management. I' m quite interested in music but I' d like to broaden my perspective a bit. I would like to work in a company concerning arts and having wide room for my development. I envision working in the city, but probably in a city that has lots of green and open spaces.
 
I need to be able to reach the mountains in a couple of hours, so I think that the suburbs of Beijing are suitable. I would like to be professional at work. I believe my colleagues will be dedicated to their jobs and love the musical and artistic world.
 
Now I am a sophomore majoring in music. I' ve received professional training of music, so I feel confident that after graduation I could manage and work with all of the different instrumental-ists and vocalists.
 


2015年11月湖南成人教育學位英語模擬試題和答案解析(二):免費下載(word文檔)
 


广东十一选五走势