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過來人支招 成考專升本英語議論文寫作方法與技巧
發布時間:2019年07月12日 來源:未知

  英語談論文的寫作,大多有詳細關鍵(即觀念或論據)的限制,所以并不需要如何地縱橫捭闔,如何地引經據典。可是,麻雀雖小,五臟俱全,一篇100來字的談論文,相同有必要邏輯緊密,結構明晰,言語簡練,有必要論有中心,言而有據。以下筆者試從華章結構、語句修辭和詞匯運用等三個方面來談一談寫好一篇小談論文的根本辦法和技巧。

  華章結構

  (一)先有規則,然后才干從心所欲,不逾矩

  談論文的寫作,住往從正反兩方面來論說,且都有其約定俗成的談論形式,即從“主題句一正面論說,不和論說一定論”四大塊去營建文章的根本結構(四塊論)。例如,某標題要求論說“校園規則‘課間學生只能呆在自己的教室里’對嗎?”這一論題。假如作者認為校園的規則不對,他就應該在文章榜首塊(段)亮出自己的觀念:There is currently much discussion about whether students should stay in their own classrooms or not during break times.Personally I believe that—。而第二塊應該從正面論說“課間不能只呆在自己的教室里”的理由。比方可以說:I would argue that break times are our only opportunity to choose what we want to do. 第三塊則從不和觀念,即“課間只能呆在自己的教室里”動身,駁斥對方觀念或進一步論說己方觀念。例如可以說:Another reason why people say that students have to stay in their own classes at break times is that it would be difficult to organize dinners.最終一塊(段)則用不同的言語再次著重已方觀念。乍一看去,談論文“四塊論”似乎有“八股文”的嫌疑,但“四塊論”契合人的認知規則,所以值得多多仿照和練習。

  (二)環繞中心論說,保證論說的內容直接為主題服務

  在上例中,“學生課間時不能只呆在自己的教室里”是主題句,論說時應該緊緊環繞它。有的同學在寫的時分先說“學生若課間被答應到其他班級活動,就可以交到更多的朋友”,然后又說“交到更多朋友就可以學到更多常識”,“學到更多常識就可認為社會做出更大的奉獻”……這種論說方法形似環環相扣,承上啟下,實則是中心松懈的流水賬,提到最終,不只讀者會一頭霧水,連作者自己都會忘了自己在說什么。

  (三)建立并寫好觀念,并將其置于每一段的段首

  整篇文章有整篇文章的中心觀念,每一階段有每一階段的分觀念。選取觀念時要問一問自己:這一觀念是否會讓自己服氣?假如—個觀念連自己都壓服不了,就要拋棄它。階段觀念的出現不能羞羞答答,猶報琵琶半遮面,也不能深藏不露,讓讀者去總結和歸納,而有必要在文章開篇或階段最初就亮出來。觀念置于篇首或段首,才干提綱挈領,也是保證不跑題的條件。以下兩個比如中,榜首個結構松懈,群龍無首,令讀者不知所云;而第二個比如則中心杰出,規矩謹慎。請看:

  1、Firstly,it is very convenient in daily life.There are many shops and supermarkets in a city.I can buy everything I need easily in these places.When I am sick,I can easily see a doctor in any clinic or hospital.Transport services are good in a city.when I want to go somewhere,I can take a bus,a train or something else.There are also many kinds of entertainment in a city.Public buildings(such as libraries)and parks can easity be found in a city,too.

  2、First,it is convenient and comfortable to live in a city.To begin with,there is good housing in a city,as all the houses and flats are well-equipped with good facilities and surrounded by modern amenities such as places of entertainment,public libraries and parks.

  而中心句的寫法也有考究。中心句有必要能高度歸納地點階段的論據,它的關鍵詞應該在每—個論據中都有重復或恰當表現。那種無關痛癢的敘說或說明性的語句,是不適宜用作中心句的。例如:

  1、Students always feel relaxed and happy during breaks.(敘說性語句)

  2、Break times are scheduled for about 10 minutes.(說明性語句)

  以下便是論說“校園規則‘課間學生只能呆在自己的班級里’對嗎?”的一篇學生習作:

  Although some people believe that students should stay in their own classrooms during break times,I would like to argue that we should be allowed to spend break times in another class.

  The most important reason for believing that is that many students have friends in other classes.We spend all day in our own classroom,and break times are the only time we have to spend with other friends.It can become very tedious(令人厭倦的)to have to spend even more time with the same people.

  A further reason for allowing student to choose where they spend their break times is that it would stop arguements.If students are forced to spend time with classmates who are not good friends,they can annoy each other.This leads to problems that have to be sorted out by teachers.

  Teachers argue that we all should stay in our own classes,because it is then easier to know what is going on.They say that it is difficult to keep track of students when they are walking round the corridors.However,students could be given the chance to choose a different classroom to spend the whole break time in.That would mean that there would not be any students in the corridors.

  As I have explained,although it might be a little easier to manage when everyone stays in their own classroom,it would make break times happier for all students if they were allowed to choose where they spent their time.

  這篇成考專升本的范文契合“四塊論”的根本形式,正反論說統籌,結構謹慎,中心杰出。


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